Interpersonal pluralism - can everyone follow their own theory or is there only one morally correct theory? Believe the former = interpersonal pluralist
What if different people in a society followed different ethical frameworks? Neighbours one deep ecology the other anthropocentric utilitarian. Conflicts? How to decide what is right or wrong?
Interesting point is interpersonal pluralism what we have today? People coming from different societies with different ideas about the environment using different ethical frameworks?
With dev and env policies it will often be the case there is not one clearly correct decision to take and numerous incorrect ones.
Each decision will probably result in an outcome where some win some lose
Try and make clearer decisions that hopefully ensure we choose one of the better options.
Meta-ethical question - Which approach is right? How can this be determined? Who decides on the correct one?
Is it possible to make objective decisions?
Ethical monism - philosophers should have the task of identifying one valid ethical theory
Other philosophers believe that is impossible
Ethical relativism - choosing the right approach is impossible because it is nothing more than a personal preference and will depend on people's individual feelings, their culture and religious background.
Ethical monists in danger of promoting their own culture's idea of right and wrong. Ethical relativists would be unable to promote any kind of ideas of right and wrong, and therefore accept any arguments made by governments in any country.
Ethical pluralism - an alternative to the other 2 - reject only 1 correct answer and reject no right answer - EPs maintain there is a plurality of moral truths DesJardins example is medicine
Intrapersonal pluralism - can one person legitimately use different ethical frameworks - is the question?
Can we use Kantian deontology to make one ethical decision and use virtue ethics to make another?
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