Unlike a client, whose primary role is performing tasks for the end-user who is logged on locally to the computer, a server is responsible for serving many resources to the rest of the network. Which resources the server provides is determined by the assignment of server roles. Server roles define a server’s function such as Web Server, Application Server, File and Storage Service server, and Print Server.
Servers use authentication and resource access rules to make sure that information and resources on the network are available only to those who are authorized to use them. Servers also provide additional network-related services such as assigning IP addresses, performing name resolution, or routing network traffic.
integrity of a computer network
The Windows Server 2012 operating system is available only in 64-bit versions.
32 Bit Windows
64 Bit windows
8 Bit Windows
128 Bit Windows
Processor functionality is continually being updated and improved. New processors may have Second Level Address Translation (SLAT) technology for example. SLAT improves performance by providing a second level of paging at the hardware level the Client Hyper-V feature in Windows® 8 requires SLAT to be present for it to work. Similarly, Hyper-V® in Windows Server 2012 requires hardware assisted virtualization support in processors such as Intel Virtualization Technology (Intel VT) or AMD virtualization (AMD-V).
Nvidia Cuda cores
Intel Virtualization Technology (Intel VT) or
AMD virtualization (AMD-V)
64 Bit Processors
32 Bit Processors
Typically, memory refers to the main memory or random access memory (RAM). This is known as random because any part of the memory device can be written or accessed. However, there are other kinds of memory, such as memory dedicated to graphics or CPUs. These devices typically contain read-only memory (ROM).
Synchronous Dynamic RAM (SD RAM)
Date Data Rate RAM (DDR RAM)
Double Data Rate 2 RAM (DDR2 RAM)
Double Data Rate 4th RAM (DDR4 RAM)
Hyper Data Rate RAM (HDR RAM)
Double Data Rate Synchronous DRAM (DDR SDRAM)
Double Data Rate 3 RAM (DDR3 RAM)
Reduced Administrative Overhead
Reduced Attack Surface
Reduced Resource Overhead
Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA)
Industry Standard Architecture (ISA)
Extended ISA (EISA)
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE) 1394. Also known as FireWire, i.LINK, and Lynx.
Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) and PCI Express
Universal serial bus (USB)
Parallel ATA (PATA)/Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE)
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