Moses wrote the bulk of the Pentateuch, although a small portion of it was added in by a later editor.
Israelites had just been delivered from Egypt and were journeying towards the Promised Land. Moses wrote the Pentateuch to encourage them to trust God's promise & warn them of the consequences of disbelief.
Israelites have just entered the Promised Land & needed direction
Israelites were along the journey to the Promised Land and needed encouragement & warning
Israelites were enslaved in Egypt & needed hope
Israelites were exiled to Babylon & needed to be reminded of God
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers & Deuteronomy may be 5 different books, but they tell a single continuous story, which flows through the 5 books. The actual movement of the story takes place in Genesis, Exodus & Numbers (Leviticus is a list of laws wh
Genesis demonstrates God's faithfulness to His promises. This can be seen in the many episodes in Genesis in which God's promise to Abraham was threatened, but in the end brought fo fulfillment at least partially.
Sin & Idolatry
Exodus demonstrates that God delights to dwell among His people. He chose to display His presence with His people in the pillar of cloud and fire, the Ark, the Tabernacle, and in the thunder and fire on Mt Sinai.
Obedience to God's Law
Leviticus was written to teach Israel how to relate with a holy God. The laws on cleanliness and uncleanliness were given to teach them to make a distinction between "the holy" and "the common", the "clean" and the "unclean".
Cleanliness vs Uncleanliness
Atonement & Sacrifice
Numbers expresses God's judgment on Israel's disbelief. Numbers includes multiple episodes in which Israel complained and grumbled against God, leading to His anger. Finally, when Israel shrank back from moving into Canaan after hearing the spies' report,
God's Judgment on Disbelief
Victory in the LORD
Deuteronomy emphasizes Israel's need to remain faithful to their covenant with God after entering the Promised Land. Moses holds out God's twin promises to Israel: covenant faithfulness brings blessings, covenant breaking brings curses. Israel is exhorted
We can read a parallel between Israel's experience back then and our experience as Christians today. Like Israel, we too need reminders of God's faithfulness to encourage us onwards in Christian living. We too need warnings of the consequences of disbeli
... like Israel, we have also experienced God's deliverance and are journeying towards His Promised Land (Heaven)
... we still need to obey the laws given to be saved
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