simultaneous color contrast
all of these
visualizing color combinations
large firing from the S receptor, medium firing from the M receptor, and little firing from the L receptor.
large firing from the S receptor, large firing from the M receptor, and large firing from the L receptor.
little firing from the S receptor, a moderate firing from the M receptor, and large firing from the L receptor.
large firing from the S receptor, large firing from the M receptor, and little firing from the L receptor.
the visual system suppresses vision in one eye in order to avoid having the experience of double vision.
the cortex receives messages from both eyes, making it difficult to attend to one visual stimulus
the misaligned eye movements are “jittery” making it difficult to form a stable percept.
they are unable to use any picture depth cues.
random dot stereograms
3 1/2 to 6 months.
10 to 11 months.
1 to 2 months
2 to 3 months
reflect long and short wavelengths
reflect long wavelengths only.
reflect all wavelengths equally.
reflect short wavelengths.
polarized 3-D images
develops after using familiar size as a depth cue
develops after using overlap as a depth cue
can be tested using random dot stereograms
occurs before binocular fixation develops
Participants can quickly identify the word “Blue” if printed in blue ink.
Participants perceive a 620-nm pattern as being “redder” if that pattern has the shape of a stop sign rather than a mushroom shape.
Participants have difficulty reporting ink color if the word is the name of a color different than the ink color.
Participants recall words printed in red ink better than words printed in black ink.
Binocular disparity; stereopsis
Binocular disparity; convergence
a saturated yellow
is not an effective cue for robot vision
is widely used to create depth in cartoons and video games. ** (page 233; factual)
occurs when near objects are perceived as moving slower than distant objects.
is an important depth cue for amphibians, but not mammals.
all depth cues except binocular disparity are eliminated.
the room is constructed of rectangular walls, but looks trapezoidal to the viewer
people of a wide range of physical heights are put in the room.
he room is constructed of trapezoids, but looks rectangular to the observer
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