can be used by different people with the same results
can be used to by different people with different results
accessible and ready to use by all pain management nurses
actually measures what it is supposed to measure
Subjective, secondary assessment data
Objective, secondary assessment data
Objective, primary assessment data
subjective, primary assessment data
A normal breath bronchial sound
A normal bronchovesicular breath sound
An adventitious bronchovesicular breath sound
An adventitious bronchial breath sound
Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
Premature atrial contraction
Second-degree AV block type II: AV node impulses are intermittently blocked and do not reach the heart's ventricles
Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia: AV node impulses are delayed, thus leading to a prolonged PR interval
Second-degree AV block type II: AV node impulse impulses are delayed, thus leading to to a prolonged PR interval
First-degree atrioventricular block: AV node impulses are intermittently blocked and do not reach the heart's ventricles
alert, confused, lethargic, obtunded, stuporous, and comatose
alert, lethargic, confused, stuporous, and comatose
alert, confused, obtunded, lethargic, stuporous, and comatose
alert, confused, lethargic, stuporous, obtunded, and comatose
Vitamin D should always be taken with calcium because vitamin D needs calcium for absorption
Professional literature indicates that low levels of vitamin D are associated with increased levels of chronic pain
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin so there are no dangers associated with mega doses and over dosages
Professional literature indicates that high levels of vitamin D increase, and not decrease, pain
Ginger: This substance should not be used in the client is taking anti-hypertensive medications
Fish oil: Research indicates that fish oil promotes the growth and development of collagen
Eucommia: This substance is known as nature's tranquilizer and it is highly useful for insomnia
Turmeric: Turmeric contains curcumin, which is believed to have anti-inflammatory and cancer fighting properties
The application of heat, not cold, is useful for pain
Heat and cold applications can only be done by physical therapists
Cold does not place a person at risk for impaired skin integrity but heat does
The application of heat and cold should be limited to only 10 minutes
Anxiety disrupts stage IV sleep but it does not interfere with sleep induction
Anxiety disrupts stage IV sleep but it does not interfere with sleep maintenance
Anxiety stimulates the sympathetic nervous system and it releases norepinepherine
Even low levels of anxiety precipitate nightmares and other sleep disorders
"Cognitive behavioral therapy has not been found to be effective for chronic or acute pain."
"Cognitive behavioral therapy is a kind of psychotherapy that explores underlying repressed thoughts."
"Cognitive behavioral therapy is conducted in groups such as a peer support group for those in chronic pain."
"Cognitive behavioral therapy addresses the here and now of a person's perceptions and behaviors in relationship to pain."
A patient centered multidisciplinary plan of care that includes the active collaboration of the client and other members of the team
Interventions with a sole emphasis on alternative, complementary, homeopathic, and naturopathic approaches
Synergistic, negentrophic, and contemporaneous midical interventions
Pain relief with a wide variety of modalities including bio-psychosocial, spiritual, cultural, and environmental changes
Homeopathy: These treatments include low, diluted doses of substances that are believed to be more effective than normal or higher than usual doses.
Magnets: Magnets for pain relief have about the same strength as those used for MRI.
Magnets: Magnets for pain relief are considered universally safe but not effective.
Homeopathy: These treatments include high, mega doses of substances that are believed to be mote effective than normal doses.
Spinal manipulation, and other therapies that physical therapists do, will be done
Chiropractic services are not considered safe for the vast majority of patients
Health insurance companies do not reimburse for chiropractic services
Chiropractors are not licensed by some states to practice
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