How many times must Muslims prayer a day?
When are they done?
At allocated times but can be caught up with if missed
What is it a sin to?
Regularly miss without a valid reason
Where can prayers be performed?
Anywhere as long as it is clean. People usually use a prayer mat to separate from the ordinary and connect with Allah
What direction do Muslims face when praying?
Towards Mecca (known as qibla). Muslims may use a qibla compass to point in the right direction
What do prayers begin with?
The declaration of intent (Niyyah)
What is Wudu?
Washing as an outward sign of inner cleanliness needed to face God
Heard 5 times a day before each prayer. Called by muezzin from top of minaret
Especially Friday prayers (Jummah), praying with others builds the community of Muslims (ummah), some believe you receive greater blessing, adhan heard, line up shoulder to shoulder in prayer room facing the qibla, women pray separate area at the back in a prayer room behind men
Friday prayers performed in a mosque. Congregational prayers, brings unity.
Personal prayers done in addition to the 5 daily prayers, spontaneous, spending time in presence of God, some use prayer beads (subhah)
What are the aims of Prayer?
Reminder of Allah's presence, shows submission, cleanse corruption of world, unite Muslims, brings peace in the world, remove sin as water removes dirt
What is Rak'ah?
The set pattern made of a sequence of movements involving standing, bowing, prostrating. The physical movements are less important than the attitude of the heart
What is the pattern?
Stand, bow, prostrate, stand, bow, prostrate, kneel
When are the prayers done?
Just after dawn, just after midday, late afternoon, just after sunset, after dark
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