Evaluative - often used in a normative sense -ought to happen, intrinsically good - raises issue of ethical pluralism
What is a better life? - individual level more valuable choices, fulfill their potential - Sen argues that freedom should be the principle goal of development
Measuring development? - clearly depends on what our understanding of development is - Nationally indicators are - Health, Industry, Education - these may involve and imply a range of value judgements
At it crudest GDP per capita - have moved forward to the Human Development Index in terms of human well-being 2 social indicators life expectancy and adult literacy introduced and combines
The concept of human development is closely linked with the Capability Approach - developed by Amartya Sen - individuals ability to follow the type of life choices that they themselves value
Development as Freedom Amartya sen - overall objective the 'ends' and 'means' -
What sort of development ought we promote - eg justice (access to water), egalitarianism, or
Continue to divide countries into Northern or Southern and assume that the Southern countries are aspiring to become like the richer 'developed' Norther countries
Dresner ' Western societies have become much healthier in material terms yet studies show that people are no happier than they were 50 years ago'
Dresner - wealth is not important to happiness in absolute terms, but is in relative terms. 'This argument leads us to the conclusion that much of what is conventionally called 'development' is really about joining a rat race of meaningless additional consumption'
What is development? - a significant range of issues health, education etc - broadly understood as improving well-being or quality of life for humans - historically involved some kind of industrialisation
Interpretations of development - non-evaluative (Neutral - fundamental, structural,qualitative change) and evaluative (means improvement share similar ethical values)
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