Address the client with the appropriate title and her last name.
Have the client complete a printed history form.
Use a mix of open- and closed-ended questions.
Perform the general survey before the examination.
Reduce environmental noise.
Invite the client to use the bathroom before beginning the examination
Tell the client to take her time answering questions.
Perform the assessments in one continuous session.
Make sure the client has any essential sensory aids in place.
Plan to allow plenty of time for position changes.
Base of the fingers
Assist the client with oral hygiene frequently.
Allow the client to shiver to dispel excess heat.
Restrict the client’s oral fluid intake.
Encourage the client to limit activity and rest.
Obtain culture specimens before initiating antimicrobials.
“Let the client rest for 5 minutes before you measure her blood pressure.”
“Do not measure the client’s temperature rectally.”
“Count the client’s radial pulse for 30 seconds and multiply it by 2.”
“Do not let the client know you are counting her respirations.”
Have the client rest an arm across the abdomen.
Place the client in semi-Fowler’s position.
Count the rate for 1 min if it is regular
Observe one full respiratory cycle before counting the rate.
Count and report any sighs the client demonstrates.
Request a prescription for an anti-anxiety medication.
Request a prescription for an antihypertensive medication.
Ask the client if she is having pain.
Return in 30 min to recheck the client’s BP.
“Tell me what you can taste.”
“Clench your teeth
“Close your eyes.”
“Raise your eyebrows.”
“Tell me when you feel a touch.”
“Your left eye can see the chart clearly at 20 feet, and your right eye can see the chart clearly at 30 feet.”
“Your eyes see at 30 ft what visually unimpaired eyes see at 20 ft.”
Your right eye can see the chart clearly at 20 feet, and your left eye can see the chart clearly at 30 feet.”
“Your eyes see at 20 feet what visually unimpaired eyes see at 30 feet.”
Visualizing the thyroid on inspection of the neck
Feeling the thyroid ascend as the client swallows
Hearing a bruit when auscultating the thyroid
Palpating the thyroid in the lower half of the neck
Finding symmetric extension of the trachea on both sides of the midline
Give the client a therapeutic back massage and tell him to try to relax.
Provide the client with reassurance and information about the procedure.
Call the provider and get permission to use relaxation techniques with the client.
Offer information and ask the client if he is interested in trying a relaxation technique.
Insert the speculum 2 to 2.5 cm (0.8 to 1 in).
Pull the auricle down and back.
Make sure the speculum does not touch the ear canal.
Insert the speculum slightly down and forward.
Use the light to visualize the tympanic membrane in a cone shape.
“Chiropractors use herbal remedies to treat back pain.”
“Chiropractors use their hands to manipulate the spine to treat back pain.”
“Chiropractors use their hands to balance the energy fields in the back.”
“Chiropractors insert needles or put pressure along meridians in the back.”
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