our freedom requires us to accept responsibility for directing our own life.
we are free to choose who we will be
you cannot have one without the other
all of these.
assumes that, while humans have the potential for growth, we tend to remain stagnant.
views people as basically competitive.
affirms a person’s capacity to direct his or her own life.
states that humans are driven by irrational forces.
is spontaneous and creative.
has a capacity for deep and intense interpersonal relationships.
does not have artificial dichotomies within himself or herself.
welcomes uncertainty in his or her life.
the relationship between the client and therapist
the therapist’s ability to think logically and to scientifically solve problems
defining concrete and measurable goals
the client’s motivation for change
the therapist’s technical skills
The therapist has more power to manipulate and control the client than is true of most other therapies
It is a long-term approach to therapy.
The approach does not emphasize the role of techniques in creating change in the client’s life.
The client is not given enough responsibility to direct the course of his or her own therapy.
The approach does not make use of research to study the process or outcomes of therapy.
unconditional positive regard
accurate empathic understanding
accurate active listening
选择要在Apple App Store上查看的Topgrade应用程序。