relies primarily on negative feedback mechanisms
effective in coordinating cell, tissue, and organ activities on a sustained, long-term basis
uses epinephrine and norepinephrine as chemical messengers
relies on release of chemicals that bind to specific receptors
It secretes regulatory hormones that influence endocrine cells in the anterior pituitary gland
Hypothalamic neurons synthesize hormones like ADH that increase the elimination of water from the body
It has autonomic centers that exert direct neural control over endocrine cells of the adrenal cortex
All of the above are correct
They are synthesized by ribosomes and are lipophilic
They are chains of amino acids such as glycoproteins, small proteins, or polypeptides
They are derivatives of arachidonic acid
They are also called biogenic amines and are synthesized from tyrosine
None of the above is correct
ensures that all hormones destined for the pituitary are diluted in general circulation before entering the adenohypophysis
ensures that RH from the hypothalamus synthesizes the correct amount of a specific hormone
provides efficient means of ensuring that all hypothalamic hormones will reach target cells in the adenohypophysis before being diluted in general circulation
It stimulates production of sex hormones
It stimulates nurse cells, which then promote the maturation of sperm
It stimulates the breakdown of stored triglycerides by adipocytes
It stimulates smooth muscle contraction in the ductus deferens and prostate gland
More ADH is released to increase the solute concentration of blood and urine
It does not change at all
ADH secretion is inhibited by drinking alcohol
ADH secretion increases causing vasoconstriction and increased blood pressure
The cortisol acts synergistically with other hormones
High levels of cortisol stimulate other steroid hormones to be released
ACTH participates in a negative feedback loop with cortisol
CRH from the hypothalamus inhibits ACTH release
delta cells / glucagon
F cells / a hormone identical to growth hormone–inhibiting hormone
alpha cells / pancreatic polypeptide
beta cells / insulin
It will decrease storage of glucagon in the cell
Both A and B are functions of insulin.
It promotes protein synthesis.
It will facilitate the transport and utilization of glucose by cells.
stimulation of amino acid absorption and protein synthesis
stimulation of glycogen formation
breakdown of triglycerides in adipose tissue
accelerated glucose uptake and utilization
liver; produce glucose
brain, kidneys, and digestive tract; absorb glucose without insulin stimulation
pancreas and adrenal cortex; produce insulin
liver; produce glucagon
Water loss reduces blood volume, promoting secretion of ADH
Glucose is lost in the urine, which increases blood volume.
Less water is reclaimed by osmosis in the kidneys.
A and B are correct.
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