Early Childhood Theoretical Approaches

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0 [{"id":397346,"quiz_id":"20058","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-03-02 06:27:23","updated_at":"2018-03-02 06:43:28","questionName":"What is the Behaviourist Theoretical Approach?","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":2,"explanation":"The work of Skinner was rooted in a view that classical conditioning was far too simplistic to be a complete explanation of complex human behavior. He believed that the best way to understand behavior is to look at the causes of an action and its consequences. He called this approach operant conditioning. Operant Conditioning deals with operants - intentional actions that have an effect on the surrounding environment. Skinner set out to identify the processes which made certain operant behaviors more or less likely to occur.","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":397348,"quiz_id":"20058","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-03-02 06:43:00","updated_at":"2018-03-02 06:43:28","questionName":"What is the Information processing theoretical Approach?","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":3,"explanation":"","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":396447,"quiz_id":"20058","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-03-01 06:10:21","updated_at":"2018-03-02 06:43:28","questionName":"What is the Psychosocial Theoretical Approach?","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":4,"explanation":"Piaget's theory of cognitive development is a comprehensive theory about the nature and development of human intelligence. It was first created by the Swiss developmental psychologist Jean Piaget (1896\u20131980). The theory deals with the nature of knowledge itself and how humans gradually come to acquire, construct, and use it.[1] Piaget's theory is mainly known as a developmental stage theory. Piagets idea involved the process of schemas, assimilation and accomodation as well as the cognitive development stages : Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational. Vygotsky was also a Pshychsocial theoriest who developed the Zone of Proximal Development ","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":396453,"quiz_id":"20058","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-03-01 07:21:07","updated_at":"2018-03-02 06:43:28","questionName":"What is the Cognitive Thoeretical Approach?","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":5,"explanation":"Erik Erikson (1950, 1963) proposed a psychoanalytic theory of psychosocial development comprising eight stages from infancy to adulthood. During each stage, the person experiences a psychosocial crisis which could have a positive or negative outcome for personality development. Erikson's ideas were greatly influenced by Freud, going along with Freud\u2019s (1923) theory regarding the structure and topography of personality. However, whereas Freud was an id psychologist, Erikson was an ego psychologist. He emphasized the role of culture and society and the conflicts that can take place within the ego itself, whereas Freud emphasized the conflict between the id and the superego.","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":397347,"quiz_id":"20058","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-03-02 06:33:39","updated_at":"2018-03-02 06:43:28","questionName":"What is the Ecological Theoretical Approach?","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":0,"explanation":"American psychologist, Urie Bronfenbrenner, formulated the Ecological Systems Theory to explain how the inherent qualities of a child and his environment interact to influence how he will grow and develop. Through the Bronfenbrenner Ecological Theory, Bronfenbrenner stressed the importance of studying a child in the context of multiple environments, also known as ecological systems in the attempt to understand his development.","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":396400,"quiz_id":"20058","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-03-01 05:02:40","updated_at":"2018-03-02 06:43:28","questionName":"What is the Maturation Thoeretical Approach?","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":1,"explanation":" Early in the 20th century, Dr. Gesell observed and documented patterns in the way children develop, showing that all children go through similar and predictable sequences, though each child moves through these sequences at his or her own rate or pace. This process is comprised of both internal and external factors. The intrinsic factors include genetics, temperament, personality, learning styles, as well as physical and mental growth. Simultaneously, development is also influenced by factors such as environment, family background, parenting styles, cultural influences, health conditions, and early experiences with peers and adults. Gesell was the first theorist to systematically study the stages of development, and the first researcher to demonstrate that a child\u2019s developmental age (or stage of development) may be different from his or her chronological age.","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":396424,"quiz_id":"20058","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-03-01 05:33:14","updated_at":"2018-03-02 06:43:28","questionName":"What is the Psychodynamic Theoretical Approach?","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":6,"explanation":"Sigmund Freud\u2019s psychoanalytic theory of personality argues that human behavior is the result of the interactions among three component parts of the mind: the id, ego, and superego. This theory, known as Freud\u2019s structural theory of personality, places great emphasis on the role of unconscious psychological conflicts in shaping behavior and personality. Dynamic interactions among these fundamental parts of the mind are thought to progress through five distinct psychosexual stages of development. Over the last century, however, Freud\u2019s ideas have since been met with criticism, in part because of his singular focus on sexuality as the main driver of human personality development.","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null}]
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What is the Behaviourist Theoretical Approach?

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