An attempt to increase oxygenation to the blood.
An attempt to restore blood volume
The heart speeding up.
The body withdrawing blood from expandable parts
A Skull Fracture
Give oxygen at a high flow rate
keep the patient conscious
keep the patient cool
The heart can no longer produce the pressure required to pump the blood effectively through the body.
A patient inhales, ingests or is injected with a substance to which they are highly allergic.
An injury to the spinal cord disrupts nerve control of the blood vessel walls.
Blood volume decreases due to any loss of fluid from the circulatory system.
Apply direct pressure on the wound.
Give oxygen at a high flow rate, and assure adequate breathing.
splint fractures, avoid rough handling and prevent loss of body heat.
Assist the patient to take their medication
Before and after bandaging.
Before and after transporting to medical aid.
May become easily infected.
May be difficult to splint.
Could sever the femoral artery
Could become an impaled object
Give fluids orally to replace fluid loss
Elevate the patient's upper body to assist breathing and monitor the vitals.
Transport the patient flat on the back.
Elevate the patient semi prone in the toboggan
Airway problems due to bleeding in the mouth.
Breathing and Circulation problems due to possible intracranial bleeding.
potential C-spine problems.
The patient becomes a load and go since the condition of the patient may deteriorate quickly
Elevate the head to reduce blood flow
Place the patient supine on a large dressing as the the weight of their head will supply direct pressure.
Place a large ice pack on the back of the neck to slow internal bleeding.
The patient should be kept on c-spine precautions for at least 2 days
There is no way of knowing whether an intracranial bleed will occur.
If symptoms do not occur within 24 hours the patient is clear of danger
Symptoms will not return in 2-3 weeks post injury..
fluids from the eyes nose or mouth
Very slow pulse
Unusual pupil reaction to light
Severe damage to the central nervous system
Drug abuse or severe irreparable brain dmage
Damage is limited to one side of the brain
Found to have any type of fracture
suffering from external bleeding
Alert and Verbal
Found unconscious or is suffering a major head wound
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