Extraversion - sociable, upbeat, friendly, positive outlook.
Neuroticism - anxious, hostile, insecure, vulnerable
Openness to Experience - curiosity, flexibility, imaginativeness
Agreeableness - sympathetic, trusting, modest
Conscientiousness - diligent, well-organized, punctual
explains personality by focusing on the influence of early childhood experiences, unconscious conflict, and sexual urges.
The ID, the EGO and the Superego
Is the primitive, instinctive component of personality that operates according to the pleasure principle
The raw biological urges (eat,sleep, etc)
The pleasure principle, operates the ID, which demands immediate gratification of its urges
Engages in primary-process thinking: which is primitive, illogical, irrational and fantasy oriented
Is the decision-making component of personality that operates according to the reality principle
- mediates between ID, considers social realities - societal norms, etiquette, rules
Guided by Reality Principle, which seeks to delay gratification of the IDs urges until appropriate outlets and situations can be found.
Secondary-process thinking - is relatively rational, realistic and oriented towards problem-solving
Is the moral component of personality that incorporates social standards about what represents right and wrong.
Conscious: consists of whatever one is aware of at the time
Preconscious: contains material just beneath the surface of awareness that can easily be retrieved
Unconscious: contains thoughts, memories, and desires that are well below the surface of conscious awareness, but that nonetheless exert great influence on behavior
1. Personal Unconscious: not within one's conscious awareness, repressed or forgotten
2. Collective Unconscious: is a storehouse of latent memory traces inherited from peoples ancestral past. (shared collective of human race)
ARCHETYPES: are emotionally charged images and thought forms that have universal meaning.
Jung’s Analytical Psychology.
Individual psychology = striving for superiority, a universal drive to adapt, improve oneself, master life's challenges
Compensation: involves efforts to overcome imagined or real inferiorities by developing one's abilities.
Overcompensation as well
Inferiority complex - exaggerated feelings of weakness and inadequacy
is a theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only observable behaviors.
Focused on external environment molds, asserting that behavior is fully determined by environmental stimuli.
Individual personality as a collection of response tendencies that are tied to various stimulus situations
New response learned throughout life (no need for sequential stage theory)
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