Footprinting is the gathering of information relating to an intended target. The idea is to gather as much information about the target as possible before starting an attack.
Investigation of a target
Enumeration of services
Discussion with people
Discovery of services
Port scanning is typically reserved for later stages of the attack process.
Google hacking is used to produce more targeted and useful search results than would be possible using normal searches.
To look for information about Google
To target a domain
To fine-tune search results
To speed up searches
Social engineering can gain information about computers and other items, but it does so by interacting with people to extract that information.
To gain information about computers
To gain information from human beings
To gain information about social media
To gain information about posts and cameras
EDGAR can be used to verify the financial filings of a company.
Gain technical details
Check financial filings
Verify a website
Operators such as filetype are used to manipulate search results for some search engines such as Google.
7. A. Job boards are useful in getting an idea of the technology within an organization. By looking at job requirements, you can get a good idea of the technology present. While the other options here may provide technical data, job boards tend to have the best chance of providing it.
Street-level views using technology such as Google Street View can give you a picture of what types of security and access points may be present in a location.
Social engineering can reveal how a company works.
The Wayback Machine is used to view archived versions of websites if available (not all websites are archived via the Wayback Machine).
View archived versions of websites
Get job postings
Back up copies of websites
MX records are DNS records used to locate the mail server for a domain.
Netcraft can be used to view many details about a web server, including IP address, netblock, last views, OS information, and web server version.
Alerts can be set up with Google as well as other search engines to monitor changes on a given website or URL. When a change is detected, the alert is sent to the requestor.
Scanning comes after the footprinting phase. Footprinting is used to get a better idea of the target.
Competitive analysis can prove very effective when you’re trying to gain more detailed information about a target. Competitive analysis relies on looking at a target’s competitors in an effort to find out more about the target.
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