Charles surrendered in May 1646.
First sent in July 1646.
Instrument of Government
Heads of Proposals
Agreement of the People
In their initial demands,Parliament did plan to punish some of Charles' supporters.
Parliament wanted to control who Charles' advisors were
Parliament wanted control over religious reform
Parliament agreed not to punish Charles' supporters
Scots were to keep their Covenant
Parliament had passed a bill disbanding the army, which was technically their right, but the army refused to go.
Parliament's refusal to accept Charles' demands
Levellers swearing an oath of loyalty to Thomas Fairfax
The New Model Army swearing not to disband until reforms were achieved
Charles' alliance with Scotland
Regular soldiers were less moderate than their officers, so they did not support it although they did not rebel against it.
It was a betrayal of all they fought for
It was too accommodating
It wasn't great, but they supported it
It was exactly what they wanted
Charles was willing to make a few concessions, but still believed himself the divinely appointed king and would not give in to all parliament's demands.
It wasn't a fair fight because Scotland had interfered
He saw the error of his ways and was willing to negotiate with parliament
It was God's will and he must follow that
It was a temporary setback he could still overturn
Remember that everyone was supposed to worship according to the Church of England's rules, so these were people who wanted to do so in their own way.
Were Catholic supporters of Charles
Were Protestants who were not tolerant of other Protestant sects
Were Royalists who did not agree with Charles' negotiating tactics
Were Protestants who did not conform to the Church of England
They supported Cromwell generally, but were more concerned with religious reform than making him in charge.
Limits to Charles' influence of the Church
Toleration of all Protestant sects
Cromwell to become the Lord Protector
Godly reform for all England
Although it was never adopted officially and Charles refused to respond to it.
The Humble Petition and Advice
The Putney Debates
The Agreement of the People
The Heads of Proposals
Cromwell hoped to compromise with the Levellers to lessen how threatening they were. It didn't work.
Cromwell and the Levellers
The New Model Army and the Levellers
Charles and Cromwell
Army officers and army soldiers
Battle of Worcester
Corkbush Field Mutiny
The Battle of Preston
The Battle of Worcester
The Battle of Edgehill
The Battle of Drogheda
6 Dec 1648
17 Sept 1648
27 Nov 1648
30 Jan 1649
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