He was proscribed by the Second Triumvirate and was caught by assassins just as he was leaving for Greece. His brother and nephew had already been killed.
December 43 BC
7th December 43 BC
10th January 44 BC
6th December 43 BC
Octavian did not want him on it.
Antony was determined to do so.
Lepidus proposed that he be proscribed.
According to Plutarch, Antony insisted that Cicero's name be at the top of the list. It is said that Octavian was most reluctant to agree, but Antony was stubborn and Octavian accepted the proposal when Lepidus sided with Antony.
Octavian, Antony, and Brutus
Cassius, Antony, and Dolabella
Lepidus, Brutus, and Cassius
Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus
27th November 43 BC
1st February 44 BC
27th November 44 BC
30th December 43 BC
The Second was an informal amicitia, whereas the First was a formal arrangement with the full force of Roman law. The Senate ratified the First as an instrument of public policy.
The First was an informal amicitia, whereas the Second was a formal arrangement with the full force of Roman law. The Senate ratified the Second as an instrument of public policy.
Cicero was asked to join the Second but not the First.
One was popularis and the other optimate.
'Commissioner for the Restoration of the Republic'
'Restorer of the Constitution'
'General Commander of the Roman Provinces'
Realising that Caesar's policy of clementia had failed, they reintroduced proscriptions in order to gain money and land, and also to eliminate their enemies.
To: divide the western provinces between themselves; prosecute the war against the conspirators Brutus and Cassius; begin proscriptions.
To: declare themselves three co-consuls; to pardon Brutus and Cassius; to expand the grain dole.
To: destroy the statue of Pompey in the Senate; begin another Civil War; exile Cicero.
To: once more bring collegia to the streets; become governors of Sicily, Cilicia, and Gaul; make speeches against Cicero in the Senate.
They formed a fact known to history as the Second Triumvirate.
November 44 BC
20th November 43 BC
September 43 BC
October 43 BC
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