Who conducted a study in Bethnal Green?
Young and Wilmott
Young and Willmott conducted a study in Bethnal Green they found that the symmetrical family was more common among younger couples, those more affluent and those who were geographically and socially isolated
who identified the joint and segregated conjugal roles
segregated conjugal roles is where the couple have separate roles and leisure activities also tend to be separate whereas the joint conjugal roles is where the couple share tasks and spend their leisure time together.
who argues that young and willmott exaggerate their claims and suggested that what they found wasn't convincing evidence of a symmetrical family
Oakley suggested that despite young and willmott finding that men 'helped' their wives at least once a week, this may only include taking children for a walk which in Oakley's view isnt convincing evidence of a symmetrical family.
which sociologist identified 'emotion work'
emotion work means taking responsibility for family members emotions and feelings at the same time as controlling their own
who identified 'triple shift'
Duncombe and Marsden
the triple shift includes doing the housework, childcare and emotion work
which sociologist suggests tat domestic abuse is the result of the stress of family members which is caused by social inequality
according to Yearnshire, how many assaults does a woman suffer before reporting it
which sociologist studied paintings and suggested that children were no different to adults
which two feminist sociologists identified two main types of control over family income, called 'pooling' and 'the allowance system'
Pahl and Vogler
Pooling= where both partners have access to income and both have responsibility for expenditure
The allowance system= where men give their wives an allowance which the women must budget tio meet the families needs
which sociologists identified two types of explanations for gender inequality in the division of labour = called the 'radical feminist explanation' and 'the materialist explanation'.
Crompton and Lyonette
radical feminist= emphasises the role of patriarchal ideas, cultural values and institutions
materialist= emphasises economic factors such as lack of resources
which sociologist suggested that high death rates encouraged indifference and neglect especially among infants in the middle ages
who argues that childhood is 'disappearing as a dazzling speed'.
Postman points to the trend of giving children the same rights as adults unsupervised games, growing similarities of adults, childrens clothing and even crimes similar to that of adults'.
who suggested the term 'Toxic childhood'
a toxic childhood has resulted from technological advances and cultural changes which have damaged children's physical, emotional and intellectual development.
who uses the term 'Age patriarchy'.
Age patriarchy is used to describe inequalities between adults and children. Gittins argues that there is an age patriarchy of adult domination and child dependency.
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