Prior to doing load calculations and developing the specific panel schedules, the electrical engineer would need specifc information fom the architect concering power outlet locations and service needs of the equipment the client was planning on using
AIA Document C401, Standard Form of Agreement Between Architect and Consultant, states that consultants are responsible for code compliance regarding their areas of the work. By signing their documents, the consultants become responsible for compliance wi
he condition of the major systems and structures of the building would be of most concer durng the preliminary examination of the building proposed fr remodeling. Any possible civl engineering work, such as site gradig, drainage, and the like, could w
When an owner contracts directly with a consultant, the architect is not involved with contract provisions, contr;�t disputes, or payment to the consultant. However, the archi tect sacrifices some control over the consultant's services by not contract
permits the consultant to start work earlier
gives the architect more control over the consultant's work
relieves the architect of responsibility for paying the consultant
permits the owner to better coordinate the efforts for the project team
Reducng the total time by three months means about a 15% reduction. Fast-track construction would probably take this amount of time off the process. CPM scheduling would not help much, and negotiation rather than bidding would reduce the time a little
Use CPM scheduling and use a negotiated contract rather than bidding the project
suggest that the client streamline its decision-making process and hire a construction manager
consider fast-tracking construction
Assign more staff in the architect's office to programming and design and work overtime to get construction started earlier
AJA Document Bl01, Article 7, addresses issues related to the instruments of service. The instrurents of service include sketches, drawings, models, specifications, CAD fles, and any other deliverables that help move a project fom an idea to a real bu
An owner may use the instruments of service from a project for an addition or renovation to that project.
An owner has an exclusive license to reproduce drawings for the contractor's use in building the project.
An owner may assign the license to the instruments of service to a lender if it is a conditon of financing.
If an architect is found to have defaulted on the Owner-Archtect Agreement, the owner receives a nonexclusive license to reproduce the instru ments of servce and may authorize another architect to complete the project.
A utilization ratio is used by firms to determine the amount of time spent on billable work as a percentage of total time for which an employee is compensated. A utilization ratio can be used in an analysis of the proftability and financial standing o
a comparison between programmed and non programmed spaces
a measure of an employee' billable time versus overhead time
a calculation of the effciency of a mechanical system
a way to exress the buildable area of a site
define the problem
develop programmatic concepts
reconcile list of spaces with project budget
The owner is responsible for determining the time limits for construction; this requirement should be stated in the contract documents. According to AlA Document A20 I, Sec. 3.10.1, the contractor is responsible for developing a construction schedule th
contractor and subcontractors
Interstitial spaces between occupied floors require teh most additional height per floor and the most total building height because they must be high enough to accommodate a person accessing the space for maintenance duties, as well as the ducts and equip
underfloor ventilation systems
Subrgation is the legal technique whereby an insurer "steps into the shoes" of a party to whom it has made payment. The building owner has the right to try to collect compen sation for the fire damage fom the parties at fault. But when the insurance c
A construction manager, or CM, is a benefit to a project with fst-tracked multiple prime contracts, particularly when the owner i not interested in or does not have the experience for coordinating all the parties working on site. The Architect's Handb
A construction manager serviing as an advisor to an owner during the design development phase is responsible for estimating the construction cost and guaranteeing a maximum price for the work
If an owner brings an independent construction manager into a project shortly before construction beings in order to help "value engineer" the project, the architect's responsibilities and fee are not affected.
A construction manager is often hired when a project has fst-tracked multiple prime construction contracts rather than one general con tract for construction.
AIA Documents A101 and A201 can be used as the agreement between the owner and construction manager
cost index factor = cost index of city B / cost index of city A ..There are two other methods that can be used to achieve the same result. Inflation can be calculated frst and then the cost index factor can be used, or the infation fctor and cost inde
Debt service is the cost to pay off the construction loan for a project and is generally considered an ongoing cost over many years, not part of the original cost of the project.
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