Development is not all-or-nothing with respect to varying issues of development.
Our development is like of caterpillar where we undergo distinct stages
What has been experienced in the earlier stages of development can no longer be changed
Heredity exerts a greater influence on human development than environment
Development as a process is complex because it is the product of biological, cognitive and socio-emotional.
While the pattern of development is likely to be similar, the outcomes of development processes and the rate of development are likely to vary among individuals.
Development takes place gradually
Development is relatively orderly
Ms. Karen does not intervene when her students misbehave, thus, they learn to work out problems amongst themselves
Ms. Lopez does not give her students reason for why some behaviors are wrong and others are right.
Mr. Reyes constantly points out moral dilemmas of history to his students and engages them in discussion as much as possible.
Mr. Ramon focuses his attention on the effects that his students' misbehavior will have on themselves
the immediacy of the consequences for moral actions.
the degree of internalization.
the social pressure of peers
the severity of punishments experienced.
Children show the highest degree of problem behaviors in stage 4 because they feel that rules are unimportant and they can do as they please.
No relationship has been found between moral stages and children's behavior in the classroom because they are independent developmental domains.
A children show a high degree of behavior problems in stage I because they do no moral thinking.
Children show the highest degree of problems in stage 2 because they subscribe to the rationale, "You hit me and i will hit you back."
"I realized that I was angry with my brother, so I sat down to talk about the issue."
When questioned by a friend, the woman who was brutally raped last month answered that she was doing fine and that the entire incident had slipped her mind.
"After my grandmother died, my father still set her bed every night."
After the new baby was brought home, his four-year old brother threw temper tantrums and wrote all over the walls with crayons; acts he had not committed since age two.
Having her use of manipulatives and technology that are readily available.
Having her work with another student whose skill and concept levels are slightly more advanced than hers.
Giving her many opportunities for practice thereby reinforcing the skills and concepts that she has already mastered.
Having her work alone in a quiet atmosphere where she can access reference material appropriate to her grade level.
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Trust vs. Mistrust
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