O'Barr and Atkins
Tannen and Cameron
Zimmerman and West
Language differences are based on
conversations men are
likely to interrupt than women.
11 conversations, men used 36 interruptions and women used 4.
13 conversations, men used 45 interruptions and women used 2.
11 conversations, men used 46 interruptions and women used 2.
They used the same people in each conversation they studied, so it did not give a fair representation of interruptions ised within the sexes.
The number of people in the test was too small to give a reliable representation of interruptions used within the sexes.
They used too many males in the study which resulted in biased and unreliable results.
Language Differentiation Between The Sexes
Battle Of The Sexes
Two Worlds Two Languages
You Just Don't Understand
Men are From Mars, Women From Venus
Talk too much
Speak one at a time
Speak in public
Negotiate status/avoid failure
Speak in private contexts
Get more air time
Subjects were grouped by
He invited them to speak in various situations before asking them to read a passage that contained words where the speaker might use one or other of two speech sounds.
He found men were more likely and women less likely to use the prestige pronunciation of certain speech sounds.
He found men were less likely and women more likely to use the prestige pronunciation of certain speech sounds.
He found that men were less likely and women more likely to use tag questions.
Argues that 'when people interact they adjust their
It explores reasons why individuals emphasize or minimize the
between themselves and their interlocutors through
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