What was the role of the Seigneurs in New France?
- Supporter of King - given land
- Divide the land evenly between habitants
- Create justice and peace
- Build a lumber mill and windmill
- Build a church
Make sure to remember at least 3!
What was the role of the Habitant in New France?
- Receive the land from the Seigneur
- Provided free labour to the seigneurs (e.g., farming, etc.)
- Give the Seigneurs some of their crops
What was the role of Priest/Missionary/Jesuit in New France?
- Convince the Hurons to become Catholic
- They brought diseases to New France
- Expand the Catholic religion and convert First Nations people
What was the role of the Coureurs de Bois in New France?
- They were called the runner of the woods
- They were unlicensed traders that traded with hunters
- Decreased governor's control and were not present to support the colony
- Eventually stopped
What advantages did the Europeans have over the First Nations people?
- Had access to better weapons/tools
- Had valuable goods that they could trade
- Had technologies (e.g., navigation, technologies)
- Bigger population, more supportive allies
- Relationship with their king
- Seen as more powerful because of the above points
When the Europeans arrived in the new world, the First Nations helped them learn how to _____ in the cold winters.
Who did the The Huron have an alliance with?
Who did England have an alliance with?
What is the role of the filles du roi? Why were they so important?
- The king's daughters (in english) - not actually the King’s daughters
- Were sent to populate new france (have kids)
- Made people - MEN - want to stay in New France
- They were paid money for having children
- Instructed on manners, wore beautiful clothing and were instructed to marry as soon as possible
What was the importance of Jacques Cartier and what did he accomplish?
- Wanted to explore the New World to find a route to Asia...but instead discovered the St.Lawrence river and the Huron People
- He was the first european person to travel into North America
- He went on three voyages
- He claimed land that would become Canada
- Thought he found riches - “diamonds” and gold”
What was the importance of Samuel de Champlain and what did he accomplish?
- He was known as the father of New france
- Was a french navigator and a french explorer
- Founded Quebec in 1608
- Has a great relationship with the Huron people
What were the 4 tasks of the Seigneurs?
1. Created churches
3. Distributed land between the habitants
4. Created windmills, and created lumber mills
The habitants needed to give ____ of their products to the Seigneur (Lord). In addition, they had to give ________ and _____ to pay for the land given to them by the Seigneur.
Crops (Fruits and vegetables)
Quebec was founded in ____ by ____________. First, it was a ____________ to exchange beaver skins with the First Nations people along the ____________.
Samuel de Champlain
St. Lawrence River
Why were beaver skins so important for French and English people?
- Fashion accessory.
- Status symbol (e.g., seen as wealthy in Europe if you had a beaver hat)
- High demand
- Warmth (e.g., clothing, blankets, other textiles
- There was lots of beavers
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