LAOKOON, 1ST CENTURY BC. depicts climax. almost suspended it mid-air - seem weightless. exaggerated antomony e.g. swollen over the top muscles. many twists and open mouth in agony, "baroque." 3D hair flying in different directions = Hellenistic features. Purpose? Power of gods? Divine punishment? Divine justice? Virtue? Bravery? PERGAMON ALTAR early 2nd century BC. EAST FRIEZE = gigantomachy. main crux of battle. Function? Altar should be place for sacrifices to take place but no evidence of any burning/sacrifices. Not principally religious function - political? pergamese power - they defeated Gaul's and depicted themselves as saving Greeks from barbarians.
DEPICTING LOWER CLASSES
Show old age, sagging skin, mouth sunk etc. Mocking lower classes - contempt? Showing sympathy? Showing our mortality/ageing process?
TOGATUS BARBERINI: 1st century AD. A man holding masks of ancestors. Identity unknown. Elderly, wrinkles, receding hairline, sad facial expression.
ALEXANDER THE GREAT
ALEXANDER THE GREAT BY LYSIPPOS, 4TH CENTURY. Clean shaven, young, long hair - lion mane = courage. Presented as superhuman - hairstyle used for gods before but never human. "Liquid gaze" eyes. Signs of pathos: tilted head, tense neck, bulging brows. Features went on to be used as signs of masculinity and strength. Political message. HELLENISTIC COINAGE - almost all are clean shaven, layers of hair = trademark.
Mask of Agamemnon, made of gold.
Acropolis = governable/defendable by palace.
megaron: big representational hall for congregation.
ORIENTALISING PERIOD (EARLY ARCHAIC) POTTERY
CHIGI VASE - 650 BC. Painting in different colours. 3 separate scenes. boys hunting hares in bushes; young men chasing lion with spear and one is being mauled; soldiers marching in formation. famous for depicting hoplites in phalanx formation. continual biography of how to live as a wealthy citizen. ACHILLES AND AJAX: 525 amphora. black figure by Exekias. Precise alignment between handles and spears. 530 archaic period sees switch to red figure.
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