I advised seeing a doctor. The doctor generally advised drinking low-fat milk._____I advised them to see a doctor.
Verbs Followed by Gerunds OR Infinitives (Different Meaning)
Verbs Followed by Either Gerunds OR Nouns + Infinitives (NO CHANGE IN MEANING)
Ireland doesn't allow smoking in bars. Ireland doesn't allow people to smoke in bars._____Ireland doesn't allow people to smoke in bars.
She began singing. She began to sing. When "begin" is used in non-continuous tenses, you can either use a gerund or an infinitive._____She is beginning to sing. When "begin" is used in continuous tenses, an infinitive is used.
verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with little difference in meaning
The government ceased providing free healthcare. The government ceased to provide free healthcare._____
Fred continued taking / to take karate lessons even though he broke his hand. She continued to talk._____
She dreads getting up at 5 AM. I dread to think what might happen. She dreaded taking the test. Usually "dread" is followed by a gerund._____He dreaded to think of the consequences of his actions. "Dread" is sometimes used with infinitives such as "think" or "consider." In the sentence above, "dreaded to think" means "did not want to think."
He encourages eating healthy foods. He encourages his patients to eat healthy foods._____He encourages his patients to eat healthy foods.
He finished doing his homework._____
She forgot reading the book when she was a kid. When "forget" is used with a gerund, it means "to forget that you have done something." The sentence above means that she read the book when she was a kid, and that she has forgotten that fact._____She forgot to pay the rent this month. When forget is used with an infinitive, it means "to forget that you need to do something." The sentence above means that she forgot that she needed to pay the rent.
I hate cleaning the bathroom. He hates to clean dishes._____
She kept interrupting me. She kept talking. "Keep" is normally used with a gerund to mean that you continue doing an action._____The attackers kept hostages to prevent the police from entering. "Keep" can also be used with an object followed by an infinitive, but then the infinitive takes on the meaning of "in order to... ." In the sentence above, the attackers kept hostages in order to prevent the police from entering.
She likes listening to music. Samantha likes to read._____
I love swimming. We love to scuba dive._____
The house needs cleaning. When "need" is used with a gerund, it takes on a passive meaning. The sentence above means "the house needs to be cleaned."_____He needs to call his boss. He needs him to call his boss. "Need" is usually used with an infinitive or an object + an infinitive.
Sometimes she neglects doing her homework. She neglected to tell me the date of the meeting._____
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