effective in coordinating cell, tissue, and organ activities on a sustained, long-term basis
relies on release of chemicals that bind to specific receptors
uses epinephrine and norepinephrine as chemical messengers
relies primarily on negative feedback mechanisms
All of the above are correct
Hypothalamic neurons synthesize hormones like ADH that increase the elimination of water from the body
It secretes regulatory hormones that influence endocrine cells in the anterior pituitary gland
It has autonomic centers that exert direct neural control over endocrine cells of the adrenal cortex
They are also called biogenic amines and are synthesized from tyrosine
They are derivatives of arachidonic acid
They are chains of amino acids such as glycoproteins, small proteins, or polypeptides
They are synthesized by ribosomes and are lipophilic
provides efficient means of ensuring that all hypothalamic hormones will reach target cells in the adenohypophysis before being diluted in general circulation
ensures that RH from the hypothalamus synthesizes the correct amount of a specific hormone
ensures that all hormones destined for the pituitary are diluted in general circulation before entering the adenohypophysis
None of the above is correct
It stimulates smooth muscle contraction in the ductus deferens and prostate gland
It stimulates production of sex hormones
It stimulates the breakdown of stored triglycerides by adipocytes
It stimulates nurse cells, which then promote the maturation of sperm
More ADH is released to increase the solute concentration of blood and urine
It does not change at all
ADH secretion increases causing vasoconstriction and increased blood pressure
ADH secretion is inhibited by drinking alcohol
ACTH participates in a negative feedback loop with cortisol
CRH from the hypothalamus inhibits ACTH release
High levels of cortisol stimulate other steroid hormones to be released
The cortisol acts synergistically with other hormones
beta cells / insulin
alpha cells / pancreatic polypeptide
delta cells / glucagon
F cells / a hormone identical to growth hormone–inhibiting hormone
It will decrease storage of glucagon in the cell
It promotes protein synthesis.
Both A and B are functions of insulin.
It will facilitate the transport and utilization of glucose by cells.
stimulation of glycogen formation
accelerated glucose uptake and utilization
breakdown of triglycerides in adipose tissue
stimulation of amino acid absorption and protein synthesis
brain, kidneys, and digestive tract; absorb glucose without insulin stimulation
liver; produce glucagon
liver; produce glucose
pancreas and adrenal cortex; produce insulin
Water loss reduces blood volume, promoting secretion of ADH
Less water is reclaimed by osmosis in the kidneys.
Glucose is lost in the urine, which increases blood volume.
A and B are correct.
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