effective in coordinating cell, tissue, and organ activities on a sustained, long-term basis
relies on release of chemicals that bind to specific receptors
relies primarily on negative feedback mechanisms
uses epinephrine and norepinephrine as chemical messengers
It has autonomic centers that exert direct neural control over endocrine cells of the adrenal cortex
It secretes regulatory hormones that influence endocrine cells in the anterior pituitary gland
All of the above are correct
Hypothalamic neurons synthesize hormones like ADH that increase the elimination of water from the body
They are also called biogenic amines and are synthesized from tyrosine
They are derivatives of arachidonic acid
They are chains of amino acids such as glycoproteins, small proteins, or polypeptides
They are synthesized by ribosomes and are lipophilic
None of the above is correct
ensures that RH from the hypothalamus synthesizes the correct amount of a specific hormone
ensures that all hormones destined for the pituitary are diluted in general circulation before entering the adenohypophysis
provides efficient means of ensuring that all hypothalamic hormones will reach target cells in the adenohypophysis before being diluted in general circulation
It stimulates nurse cells, which then promote the maturation of sperm
It stimulates the breakdown of stored triglycerides by adipocytes
It stimulates production of sex hormones
It stimulates smooth muscle contraction in the ductus deferens and prostate gland
It does not change at all
ADH secretion is inhibited by drinking alcohol
More ADH is released to increase the solute concentration of blood and urine
ADH secretion increases causing vasoconstriction and increased blood pressure
The cortisol acts synergistically with other hormones
ACTH participates in a negative feedback loop with cortisol
CRH from the hypothalamus inhibits ACTH release
High levels of cortisol stimulate other steroid hormones to be released
beta cells / insulin
alpha cells / pancreatic polypeptide
delta cells / glucagon
F cells / a hormone identical to growth hormone–inhibiting hormone
It will facilitate the transport and utilization of glucose by cells.
It promotes protein synthesis.
Both A and B are functions of insulin.
It will decrease storage of glucagon in the cell
breakdown of triglycerides in adipose tissue
stimulation of glycogen formation
stimulation of amino acid absorption and protein synthesis
accelerated glucose uptake and utilization
liver; produce glucose
liver; produce glucagon
pancreas and adrenal cortex; produce insulin
brain, kidneys, and digestive tract; absorb glucose without insulin stimulation
Less water is reclaimed by osmosis in the kidneys.
Water loss reduces blood volume, promoting secretion of ADH
Glucose is lost in the urine, which increases blood volume.
A and B are correct.
選擇要在Apple App Store上查看的Topgrade應用程序。