War on Drugs - Richard Nixon
1971 - "enemy number one" - ?
Richard Nixon's "enemies" as listed by John Ehrlichman (Domestic Affairs)
Blacks + Anti-War Left
Main three drugs sought to be controlled in drugs war
Heroin, Cocaine, Marijuana
____ successfully internationalises prohibition
Why is the Drugs War a "war"?
Clearly defined enemy, home + foreign front, battle plan, casualties, weapons
What are the four main goals of America's war on drugs?
Educate population, reduce drug-related crime, reduce health/social costs, break foreign and domestic supply.
How is the war fought at home and internationally?
At home: users and dealers intercepted. Border control. International: Countries/groups that cultivate, process or traffic are intercepted and attacked.
What are demand-side policies?
Policies based on consumption rather than production. Curb demand through education + law enforcement. Cutting off availability of drugs to raise price and choke demand.
What are supply-side policies?
Policies based on production rather than consumption. Police border control. International diplomacy. Blaming an outsider for problems, generally interdiction with farmers and crop eradication.
What occurred in 1988's Anti-Drug Abuse Act?
Mandatory 1 year sentence for crack cocaine. Blacks 80% of crack cocaine users.
What did Human Rights Watch discover?
63% of whites receive jail time compared to 71% of blacks. Blacks are 10.1 times more likely than whites to be incarcerated for drugs, even though they only make up 1/3 of those who use in America.
In 2013, what percentage of Americans said the drug-war had failed?
Two examples of how war on drugs has failed.
Incarceration skyrockets costing taxpayer lots of money, combined with billions consistently wasted for worse results.
Why is crop eradication a popular method?
Relatively easy to do and creates short term efficient looking results.
How has crop eradication failed?
Livelihoods destroyed, pushes prices of drugs up and forces more planting.
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