The body withdrawing blood from expandable parts
An attempt to restore blood volume
The heart speeding up.
An attempt to increase oxygenation to the blood.
A Skull Fracture
keep the patient conscious
Give oxygen at a high flow rate
keep the patient cool
An injury to the spinal cord disrupts nerve control of the blood vessel walls.
The heart can no longer produce the pressure required to pump the blood effectively through the body.
Blood volume decreases due to any loss of fluid from the circulatory system.
A patient inhales, ingests or is injected with a substance to which they are highly allergic.
Assist the patient to take their medication
Give oxygen at a high flow rate, and assure adequate breathing.
splint fractures, avoid rough handling and prevent loss of body heat.
Apply direct pressure on the wound.
Before and after bandaging.
Before and after transporting to medical aid.
May be difficult to splint.
Could sever the femoral artery
May become easily infected.
Could become an impaled object
Elevate the patient semi prone in the toboggan
Transport the patient flat on the back.
Give fluids orally to replace fluid loss
Elevate the patient's upper body to assist breathing and monitor the vitals.
Airway problems due to bleeding in the mouth.
potential C-spine problems.
Breathing and Circulation problems due to possible intracranial bleeding.
Elevate the head to reduce blood flow
Place a large ice pack on the back of the neck to slow internal bleeding.
Place the patient supine on a large dressing as the the weight of their head will supply direct pressure.
The patient becomes a load and go since the condition of the patient may deteriorate quickly
There is no way of knowing whether an intracranial bleed will occur.
Symptoms will not return in 2-3 weeks post injury..
If symptoms do not occur within 24 hours the patient is clear of danger
The patient should be kept on c-spine precautions for at least 2 days
Very slow pulse
fluids from the eyes nose or mouth
Unusual pupil reaction to light
Drug abuse or severe irreparable brain dmage
Damage is limited to one side of the brain
Severe damage to the central nervous system
suffering from external bleeding
Alert and Verbal
Found unconscious or is suffering a major head wound
Found to have any type of fracture
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