this happens during inhalation and exhalation
Shortness of breath
Decreasing SpO2 reading
Intense pain with inspiration
Paradoxical chest wall movement
the chest wall isnt moving like it should because of pain. CPAP is ideal for this it forces ventilation and oxygenation of the aveoli
most idicicative would be the decreased breathe sounds and gasping. it showws there is some issue with breathing aka lungs
Respiratory rate of 20 breaths per minute
Ability to speak a few words and then gasp
Elevated heart rate and blood pressure
Extensive bruising to the anterior chest
spo2 is low . there is an o2 problem. hypoxia is occuring
this is in the primary. look for life threatning entry and exit wounds. c collar has already been applied since ppv has been started. you coukd plead the case for a c collar first because it was not stated.
look for an exit wound.
get a full set of vital signs.
check the blood pressure.
place a cervical collar.
this would indicate a tension pnuemo . CPAP is not recommended for this patient since it is just pumping more air into the cavity
I see an entry wound but cannot find the exit anywhere.”
She is getting more difficult to ventilate.”
Her SpO2 has gone from 90% to 93%.”
I do not think her jugular veins are distended.”
place hand over and immediately stabalize in an inward position. CPAP is ideal for a flail segment
apply bulky dressings to the area.
start positive pressure ventilation.
auscultate breath sounds.
stabilize the segment with his hand.
CPAP or BAG . this patient needs help breathing because the pain will cause shallow breathes
inserting an oropharyngeal airway.
applying ice packs to the flail segment.
administering oxygen through a nonrebreather face mask.
providing positive pressure ventilation.
application of c collar is done during the secondary. manual in line is fine then continue with ppv
place a cervical collar and immobilize her.
examine the patient for additional injuries.
palpate the chest wall for instability.
suction the airway to try and remove blood . this patient needs ALS and their airway taken over
Suction the blood from the airway.
Provide positive pressure ventilation.
Remove the knife and seal the injury with a dressing.
Stabilize the knife with bulky dressings.
check the SPO2 of the patient. chest trauma patients can deteriorate very fsast . do this before stabalizing the object and suspecting a spinal injury.
insert a nasopharyngeal airway.
evaluate the patient SpO2 level.
take manual in-line spinal stabilization.
open the airway using the jaw-thrust maneuver.
nonpourus , vaseline, plastic dressing. taped on 3 sides. sometimes 4 and you can burp the wound
Dry sterile gauze dressing
Sterile gauze soaked in sterile water
allows air to move out during exhalation and not in causing a tension pnuemo
decreases the chance of air entering the chest on exhalation.
permits oxygen to still enter the lungs.
causes less pain for the patient.
allows trapped air to escape on exhalation.
he is having a pnuemo
Capillary refill of 3 seconds
Decreased breath sounds to the left lung
Pain and bruising to the left thigh
Complaint of a worsening headache
burp the dressig to relive some of the pressure built up
provide positive pressure ventilation with high-concentration oxygen.
tape the dressing on the fourth side.
cover the wound with another dressing.
lift the dressing from the wound for several seconds.
選擇要在Apple App Store上查看的Topgrade應用程序。