Night is the time between the end of evening civil twilight and the beginning of morning civil twilight. One hour after sunset to one hour before sunrise is used for night currency, because it approximately corresponds to night time.
the time between the end of evening civil twilight and the beginning of morning civil twilight
sunset to sunrise
1 hour after sunset to 1 hour before sunrise
VFE is defined as maximum flap extended speed
VLE is defined as maximum landing gear extended speed
VNo is defined as maximum structural cruising speed
maximum structural cruising speed
normal operating range
Vso is stalling speed or minimum steady flight speed in a landing configuration
stalling speed or minimum steady flight speed in a specified configuration
stalling speed or minimum steady flight speed in the landing configuration
stalling speed or minimum takeoff safety speed
Replenishing hydraulic fluid is listed as preventive maintenance in FAR Part 43, Appendix A. Structural repairs, such as those to landing gear brace struts, or adding seams to skin, are not preventive maintenance and require an appropriate aircraft mechan
Replenishing hydraulic fluid
Repair of landing gear brace struts
Repair of portions of skin sheets by making additional seams
Both an appropriate pilot certificate and an appropriate medical certificate if required, must be in your personal possession or readily accessible in the aircraft in order to act as pilot in command of an aircraft.
An appropriate pilot certificate and an appropriate current medical certificate if required
Certificates showing accomplishment of a checkout in the aircraft and a current biennial flight review
A pilot certificate with an endorsement showing accomplishment of an annual flight review and a pilot logbook showing recency of experience
You must have a current pilot certificate in your personal possession or readily accessible in the aircraft whenever you are pilot in command or acting as a required pilot flight crewmember.
Anytime when acting as pilot in command or as a required crew member
Only when passengers are carried
When acting as a crew chief during launch and recovery
To act as PIC or as a required crewmember, you must have an appropriate medical certificate, if required, and an appropriate pilot certificate. Although you must have a logbook (not pilot certificate) endorsement of completing a flight review within the p
medical certificate if required and an appropriate pilot certificate
endorsement on the pilot certificate to show that a flight review has been satisfactorily accomplished
logbook endorsement to show that a flight review has been satisfactorily accomplished
By regulation you, as the pilot, are required to present your pilot certificate upon request of the administrator, an authorized representative of the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) or any Federal, State, or local law enforcement officer.
person in a position of authority
Federal, state, or local law enforcement officer
authorized representative of the Department of Transportation
A recent change in the regulations extended the duration of this certificate from three to five years for pilots under 40 years of age. Their Third-Class Medical Certificate expires at the end of the 60th month after the examination.
August 10, 3 years later
August 31, 5 years later
August 31, 3 years later
A third-class medical is good until the end of the 24th calendar month after the date of examination, if age 40 and over.
May 3, 1 year later
May 31, 1 year later
May 31, 2 years later
To exercise the privileges of a commercial pilot, a second-class medical is good until the end of the 12th calendar month after the date of examination. For private pilot operations, a second-class medical is good until the end of the 24th calendar month
July 31, 2 years later
July 15, 2 years later
July 31, 1 year later
For pilots under 40 years of age, to exercise the privileges of an ATP, a first-class medical is good until the end of the 12th calendar month after the date of examination. From the beginning of the 13th month to the end of the 60th calendar month, a fir
October 31, 5 years later
October 21, 2 years later
October 31, next year
FAR 61.31 indicates that a type rating is required for a large aircraft. FAR 1.1 defines large aircraft as having a gross weight greater than 12,500 pounds.
Aircraft involved in ferry flights, training flights, or test flights
Aircraft having a gross weight of more than 12,500 pounds
Aircraft operated under an authorization issued by the Administrator
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