related to effective voiding of urine.
predominantly dependent on the bladder.
directly reflected by associated lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).
a single functional unit.
predominantly dependent on the sphincter mechanisms.
a quantitative indicator of lower urinary tract dysfunction.
more useful than signs.
purely subjective in nature.
useful in making a specific diagnosis of lower urinary tract dysfunction.
most troublesome when they affect voiding.
a urodynamic diagnosis.
a collection of storage symptoms characterized by frequency.
part of the diagnosis of “mixed symptoms” when associated with urgency incontinence.
an accurate clinical diagnosis.
a nonspecific symptomatic diagnosis.
a history of leakage associated with raised intraabdominal pressure is diagnostic.
40% will have a significant cystocele.
incontinence is not affected by associated prolapse.
urinary leakage is a symptom and a sign but not a diagnosis.
bladder overactivity occurs in less than 15%.
is associated with little or no pressure change as the bladder fills.
of high value denotes an abnormal volume-pressure relationship.
is often low during slow bladder filling.
is rarely seen in neurologic patients.
describes the relationship between change in bladder volume and change in detrusor pressure.
detrusor leak point pressures.
abdominal leak point pressures.
surface electromyographic (EMG) studies.
concentric needle EMG studies.
urethral pressure profilometry.
experience sexual dysfunction.
have stable detrusor function.
experience fecal soiling.
develop voiding dysfunction.
have occult incontinence.
Storing a continuously increasing amount of urine at gradually increasing pressure
Voluntary control of micturition
A low degree of “tonus” within the bladder
Gradually increasing afferent traffic back to the brain
Positive influences of the higher centers acting on the pontine micturition center
Compression of the wall around the lumen
A strong bladder neck mechanism
A means of compensating for abdominal pressure changes (pressure transmission)
Structural support to keep the proximal urethra from moving during increases in pressure
Watertight apposition of the urethral lumen
Q tip test
detrusor leak point pressure.
the intact pudendal nerve.
type I muscle fibers alone.
equal transmission of increased intra-abdominal pressure to both bladder and urethra.
the hammock theory.
a combination of all of the above.
the provision of a “backplate.”
the “integral” hypothesis.
does not increase if there are preexisting symptoms.
is predominantly stress in type.
has been as well characterized as for women.
occurs in up to 57% of men after radical prostatectomy.
is not related to age at the time of radical prostatectomy.
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