Information and communication.
Compare relative price changes over time.
Establish a cost‐of‐living index.
Help determine the Federal Reserve Bank's discount rate.
Identify the strength of an economic recovery.
An individual acquires shares of common stock.
A business acquires new production equipment.
A business acquires inventory to expand its product line.
A family has a new home constructed.
Buy yen using a forward contract for delivery in 90 days.
Lend yen for repayment in 90 days.
Purchase a long position in the futures market for delivery of yen in 90 days.
Sell yen using a forward contract for delivery in 90 days.
The rate that commercial banks charge for loans granted to the public.
The rate that the central bank charges for loans granted to commercial banks.
The specified percentage of a commercial bank’s deposit liabilities that must be deposited in the central bank.
The ratio of excess reserves to legal reserves that are deposited in the central bank.
Higher sales revenues for foreign producers of the item.
Lower domestic consumption of the item.
Lower domestic prices on the imported item.
Reduced domestic production of the item.
Trade account in the U.S. balance of payments is neither in a deficit nor in a surplus because of the floating exchange rates.
Fall in the dollar’s value cannot be expected to have any effect on the U.S. trade balance.
Capital account in the U.S. balance of payments is neither in a deficit nor in a surplus because of the floating exchange rates.
Cheaper dollar helps U.S. exporters of domestically produced goods.
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