Antisocial Personality Disorder


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Match the information - all of it has been covered in our lessons!




Farrington - Aim

Raine et al - Aim

Elander et al - Aim

Raine et al - Results

Farrington - Conclusion

Elander et al - Evaluation

Raine et al - Method

Farrington - Results

Raine et al - Evaluation

Elander et al - Results

Farrington - Method


Elander et al - Method

Raine et al - Conclusion


Studied 411 males, from deprived, inner-city London

Situational factors lead to the development of APD.

Participants may have recalled childhood memories wrong

Childhood hyperactivity & low IQ predicted APD in later life.

MRIs were used to study 54 men (21 with APD & 34 without)

APD is caused by a reduction in grey matter.

Involved in learning the negative consequences

To investigate abnormalities in prefrontal cortex cause APD

to investigate childhood risk factors of APD

Investigated 225 twins who had childhood disorders

to investigate the development of antisocial behaviour

41% were convicted at least once between the age of 10-50.

11% reduction in prefrontal grey matter.

All participants were men so cannot be generalised