Charles surrendered in May 1646.
First sent in July 1646.
Heads of Proposals
Agreement of the People
Instrument of Government
In their initial demands,Parliament did plan to punish some of Charles' supporters.
Parliament wanted to control who Charles' advisors were
Scots were to keep their Covenant
Parliament agreed not to punish Charles' supporters
Parliament wanted control over religious reform
Parliament had passed a bill disbanding the army, which was technically their right, but the army refused to go.
Parliament's refusal to accept Charles' demands
The New Model Army swearing not to disband until reforms were achieved
Levellers swearing an oath of loyalty to Thomas Fairfax
Charles' alliance with Scotland
Regular soldiers were less moderate than their officers, so they did not support it although they did not rebel against it.
It wasn't great, but they supported it
It was exactly what they wanted
It was too accommodating
It was a betrayal of all they fought for
Charles was willing to make a few concessions, but still believed himself the divinely appointed king and would not give in to all parliament's demands.
It was a temporary setback he could still overturn
He saw the error of his ways and was willing to negotiate with parliament
It wasn't a fair fight because Scotland had interfered
It was God's will and he must follow that
Remember that everyone was supposed to worship according to the Church of England's rules, so these were people who wanted to do so in their own way.
Were Catholic supporters of Charles
Were Royalists who did not agree with Charles' negotiating tactics
Were Protestants who did not conform to the Church of England
Were Protestants who were not tolerant of other Protestant sects
They supported Cromwell generally, but were more concerned with religious reform than making him in charge.
Toleration of all Protestant sects
Limits to Charles' influence of the Church
Godly reform for all England
Cromwell to become the Lord Protector
Although it was never adopted officially and Charles refused to respond to it.
The Putney Debates
The Agreement of the People
The Humble Petition and Advice
The Heads of Proposals
Cromwell hoped to compromise with the Levellers to lessen how threatening they were. It didn't work.
Cromwell and the Levellers
Army officers and army soldiers
Charles and Cromwell
The New Model Army and the Levellers
Corkbush Field Mutiny
Battle of Worcester
The Battle of Edgehill
The Battle of Worcester
The Battle of Drogheda
The Battle of Preston
17 Sept 1648
30 Jan 1649
6 Dec 1648
27 Nov 1648
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