Poetry

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  Thời Gian Còn Lại


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GCSE poetry exam

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Bayonet Charge

Introduction- Bayonet Charge

Bayonet Charge- Language

Active verbs

Rhetorical question

Natural imagery

Bayonet Charge- structure

3rd person pronoun

Enjambment and uneven line length

Caesura at the end of line 9

summery- Bayonet Charge and Charge of light brigade

Introduction- The charge of the light brigade

The charge of the light brigade

The charge of the light brigade- language

Imagery

Heroic language

Line 15 has a chilling tone

The charge of the light brigade- Structure

Irregular form

No regular rhyme scheme

Events structured

Exposure

Introduction- Exposure

Exposure- Language

Personification

Sense of hopelessness

Metaphore used in last stanza

Exposure- Structure

First person plural

Every stanza has 4 full lines followed by a half line

Majority of lines are endstopped by using a variety of puntuation marks to do this

Summery- Exposure

Nhấp và kéo

Images, heroic language, line 15

reflects the soldier has "almost stopped" as he struggles to understand "the reason of his still running"

"yellow hare" reminds the reader how natural world gets damaged by wars. This device deepens pathos because an innocent animal gets caught in crossfire. Hare is metaphore for the soldier. The soldier is innocent and also likely to die under enemy fire.

is also evident in the phrase "love of god seems dying" it indicates they have lost their faith in god or believe that a God who can subject them to this suffering has lost faith in them.

Sense of hopeless, personification, Metaphore

Ted Hughes

"all their eyes are ice" refers to both eyes of the dead, which are literally frozen and eyes of men who have to bury the dead. Their "eyes are ice" to show they are empthy inside.

creates irregular rhythm, echoing confusion of the soldier. Also mirrors chaotic scene being described.

The poet uses imagery of the cavalry riding into "the valley of death" to show the level of threat. the reader sees them as trapped. "Death" is capitalised in order to personify it. This suggests the soldiers are invading Death's territory not Russian Land. This suggests its impossible for them to win because its human vs death. The reference of "valley of death" to Psalm 23 "valley of the shadow of death" connotes their faith carried them through

Lots of rhymes are used to drive the poem forward like galloping cavalry. Rhyming triplets like "repky, why, die" create momentum, which is then broken by unrhymed line "death". This mirrors the stumbling of the horses.

Narrator questions the patriotism used to justify war, suggesting instead there's no justification for bleak and dehumanising reality of conflict.

Active verbs, rhetorical question, natural imagery

Wilfred Owen

nothing different happens each time just like "nothing happens" to the soldiers.

First person plural, 4 full lines followed by a half line, endstopped

the anonymity of subject "he" shows the fact hes the only human mentioned, which makes him seem isolated and alone. Isolation heightens the feeling of terror by reflecting his acute focus on his own survival

" boldly" emphasises their bravery. "All the world wondered" has a double meaning, the world marvelled at their bravery or the world is wondering why the commander sent them on charge. It's written in 1854 as a response to a newspaper article critical of the crimean war. But this poem focuses on the bravery of the men rather than the mistakes of those in charge.

"our" and "we" creates a sense of shared experience of the soldiers who fought and died in wwI. This Emphasises the vast scale of misery and loss of life in war

Alfred Tennyson

"what cold clockwork of the stars and the nation" emphasises his insignificance and lack of control. "cold" suggests ppl in charge dont care. whereas, "stars" implies fate had a part to play in placing him at this position.

Focuses on the bordem and inactivity of men waiting in the freezing trenches of the western front while "nothing happens" on the battlefield.

"running, stumbling and plunged" create a vivid image of desperate actions

Physical hoplessness leads to physical death in war but mental hopelessness leads to the death of the soul.

"do and die" indicates the comanders expect them to die. this emphasises their obedience and sense of duty because they knew they would be killed, yet faught.

"dawn" is personified as a "melancholy army" "massing in the east" this has a powerful effect on reader subverting their expectations. "dawn" is a symbol of hope but here it only brings "misery"

Depicts violent action and overwhelming terror experienced by a soldier going into battle

in a chronological order. The repetition emphasises the strong structure and the strength of soldiers loyalty.

Therefore, causes the poem to pause over and over again. This slows the pace of the poem and mirrors the sense of torpor that the soldiers feel.

reflects chaos of the war and those in command who had no control of the situation. As the just "blunder'd" by ordering a senseless attack

Irregular form, no regular rhyme scheme, Events structured

3rd person, enjambment and uneven line lengths, Caesura

to show horrors of the war and heroism of the soldier. Also to show how aware the soldiers were of their death and how little fear they showed.