Steps in a Local Election

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Nominating -involves the formal proposal of someone wanting to become a candidate for an elected position. They fill in the nomination form and it needs to be signed by a number of people in the ward that believe the candidate is suitable for the position.

Campaigning -many candidates set up a campaign office, and hand out campaign literature (signs, pamphlets, posters). Often candidates will go door-to-door introducing themselves, taking to voters, answering questions. Sometimes they participate in debates and forums (or public meetings).

Casting and Counting Votes -there are two types of ballots in Canada -some that go through an electronic counting machine and some that are counted by hand. A scrutineer makes sure the election is being held fairly and honestly, and oversees the counting of votes.

Showing Eligibility to Vote -you must be at least 18 years old, have photo ID and have lived in the city/town for at least 6 months to be eligible to vote. You can only vote in the ward that you live in.

Declaring the Outcome -a central office collects the election results from each polling station. When workers verfiy that all the results have been received, the chief election officer called the returning officer, presents the results. The person with the most votes for councillor will become the councillor for that ward. The person with the most votes for mayor (or reeve) will become the mayor (or reeve) for that city/town.

Preparing the Polling Station -Election workers are hired before an electino and are trained for their job. They must take an oath of secrecy. A polling station is a location where people will vote, such as a school, church or library. Tables, voting screens, ballot boxes, ballots and forms must be prepared in advance.


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