legal studies civil law

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definitions

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order of specific performance

overrule

negligence

obiter dictum

injunction

jurisdiction

duty of care/ negligence principle

plaintiff

distinguish

defamation

defendant

common/case law

damages

balance of probabilities

binding precedent

civil law

criminal law

trespass to goods

trespass to person

remedy

sue

tort

public nuisance

ration decidendi

persuasive precedent

private nuisance

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written or verbal statements that lower a person's reputation

decision from a higher court must be followed by lower courts

laws regulating behaviour of private individuals

start civil proceedings against another person

civil remedy aimed to compensate the person who has been wronged

court decides that the facts of a case are sufficiently different enough to not make a precedent binding

civil remedy, court order, for a person to perform a certain act. eg fulfil a contract

a civil wrong, an act that injures someone in some way

act that interferes with the comfort/convenience of a number of people

standard of proof in a civil case

new precedent in a higher court overrides a lower courts previous binding precedent

a remark made by a judge in passing which is not binding

lawful authority of a court to decide a particular case

person bringing civil action

a way a court will impose for the benefit of the plaintiff

direct interference to another persons possession of goods

law made by judges

reason for a decision

doing something which causes harm or loss to another person

concerned with rights of individuals and welfare of society as a whole

assault, battery or false imprisonment of another person

act that unreasonably interferes with the use/enjoyment of land

civil remedy, court order that stops someone doing something

person against whom a civil action is taken

decision of another court which is influential but not binding