legal studies civil law

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definitions

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order of specific performance

overrule

negligence

obiter dictum

injunction

jurisdiction

duty of care/ negligence principle

plaintiff

distinguish

defamation

defendant

common/case law

damages

balance of probabilities

binding precedent

civil law

criminal law

trespass to goods

trespass to person

remedy

sue

tort

public nuisance

ration decidendi

persuasive precedent

private nuisance

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lawful authority of a court to decide a particular case

civil remedy, court order that stops someone doing something

person bringing civil action

a way a court will impose for the benefit of the plaintiff

decision of another court which is influential but not binding

court decides that the facts of a case are sufficiently different enough to not make a precedent binding

person against whom a civil action is taken

civil remedy, court order, for a person to perform a certain act. eg fulfil a contract

act that interferes with the comfort/convenience of a number of people

assault, battery or false imprisonment of another person

written or verbal statements that lower a person's reputation

a remark made by a judge in passing which is not binding

civil remedy aimed to compensate the person who has been wronged

new precedent in a higher court overrides a lower courts previous binding precedent

law made by judges

direct interference to another persons possession of goods

standard of proof in a civil case

laws regulating behaviour of private individuals

start civil proceedings against another person

decision from a higher court must be followed by lower courts

concerned with rights of individuals and welfare of society as a whole

doing something which causes harm or loss to another person

reason for a decision

act that unreasonably interferes with the use/enjoyment of land

a civil wrong, an act that injures someone in some way