IMMUNOLOGY

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0 [{"id":200481,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"2","created_at":"2017-05-09 09:52:57","updated_at":"2017-05-09 09:52:57","questionName":"GASTRITIS","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200984,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2017-05-10 11:58:11","updated_at":"2017-05-10 11:58:33","questionName":"Which of the following is NOT involved in PERIPHERAL TOLERANCE","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"o\tPeripheral tolerance \u2013 control of auto-reactive cells through a number of non-thymus dependant processes in the periphery \u2663\tImmune privileged sites \u2022\tSequestration of antigen \u2663\tAnergy \u2022\tA state of unresponsiveness \u2663\tRegulatory tolerance \u2022\tMediated by re","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200472,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"2","created_at":"2017-05-09 09:23:03","updated_at":"2017-05-09 09:23:03","questionName":"Match the PATHOLOGY of REPAIR","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200474,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2017-05-09 09:28:59","updated_at":"2017-05-09 09:28:59","questionName":"Give an example of CATARRHAL INFLAMMATION","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"disorder of inflammation of the mucous membranes in one of the airways or cavities of the body. It can result in a thick exudate of mucus and white blood cells caused by the swelling of the mucous membranes in the head in response to an infection","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200988,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2017-05-10 12:05:03","updated_at":"2017-05-10 12:05:03","questionName":"Which of the following ARE IMMUNOLOGICALLY PRIVILEGED SITES","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200473,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2017-05-09 09:24:37","updated_at":"2017-05-09 09:24:37","questionName":"What is this an example of ?","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":"uploads\/immunology-5\/Picture1.png","position":null,"explanation":"","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200485,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2017-05-09 10:04:38","updated_at":"2017-05-09 10:04:38","questionName":"Which of the following are COMPLICATIONS of ULCER","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200482,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2017-05-09 09:57:45","updated_at":"2017-05-09 09:57:45","questionName":"How does ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME lead to ULCER?","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200470,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2017-05-09 09:11:05","updated_at":"2017-05-09 09:11:05","questionName":"What is the PURPOSE of INFLAMMATION?","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200478,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2017-05-09 09:44:28","updated_at":"2017-05-09 09:45:30","questionName":"What can cause ACUTE GASTRITIS","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"Acute head injury - increases acid secretion = acute gastirits. Vitamin deficiency and autoimmune disease = chronic gastritis","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200488,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2017-05-09 10:09:49","updated_at":"2017-05-09 10:28:13","questionName":"Which of the following is TRUE regarding IBS","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"4","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200467,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"2","created_at":"2017-05-09 09:08:38","updated_at":"2017-05-09 09:08:38","questionName":"Match the LOCAL PRESENTATION of inflammation","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200981,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2017-05-10 11:53:49","updated_at":"2017-05-10 11:55:46","questionName":"What causes APECED","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"\u2663\tautoimmune regulator (AIRE) allows the thymus to express a variety of peripheral tissue antigens \u2663\trecognition of self-antigen by immature lymphocyte leads to a negative signal causing death or inactivation \u2663\tgenetic defect causes APECED (autoimmune pol","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":200476,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2017-05-09 09:35:32","updated_at":"2017-05-09 09:35:32","questionName":"Give 2 examples of EMPYEMA","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"EMPYEMA - pus collection in NORMAL body cavity (pleura\/meninges\/thoracic cavity\/uterus\/\/joints\/gall bladder) - ABSCESS = collection of pus in a newly formed cavity.","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":197669,"quiz_id":"11772","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2017-05-04 10:12:16","updated_at":"2017-05-04 10:12:16","questionName":"What are the 2 FATES of a B CELL?","questionTimeSeconds":"0","questionTimeMinutes":"2","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":"","question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null}]
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GASTRITIS

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Acute gastritits

Chronic gastritis

Atrophic gastritis

Intestinal metaplasia

GI Ulcer

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A breach in the mucosa of the alimentary tract, which extends through the muscularis mucosa into the submucosa or deeper

discrete foci of surface necrosis due to damage to mucosal defenses caused by physical/chemical trauma, inflammation/ vascular damage or stress

wide range of problems of the gastric tissues - potentially due to H.pylori, autoimmune disease also be caused by other medical conditions, including HIV/AIDS, Crohn's disease, certain connective tissue disorders, and liver or kidney failure

chronic inflammation of the stomach mucosa, leading to loss of gastric glandular cells and their eventual replacement by intestinal and fibrous tissues - can lead to loss of H+/intrinsic facor and intestinal metaplasia

a change in gastric function - eg becomes absorptive not secretory


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