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0 [{"id":434302,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"El origen de estos ciclos peri\u00f3dicos de expansi\u00f3n y depresi\u00f3n, seg\u00fan Schumpeter, es la aparici\u00f3n de innovaciones tecnol\u00f3gicas significativas que generan una fase de expansi\u00f3n econ\u00f3mica.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434300,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"Las tecnolog\u00edas, han sido a lo largo de toda la historia y son actualmente parte imprescindible de los procesos econ\u00f3micos, es decir, de la producci\u00f3n e intercambio de cualquier tipo de bienes y servicios.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434307,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"La mayor\u00eda de los productos tecnol\u00f3gicos se hacen con fines de lucro y su \u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026. es crucial para su exitosa comercializaci\u00f3n","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434301,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"Estas complejas y conflictivas caracter\u00edsticas de las tecnolog\u00edas requieren estudios y diagn\u00f3sticos, fundamentalmente soluciones pol\u00edticas mediante la adecuada regulaci\u00f3n de la distribuci\u00f3n de las ganancias que generan.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434311,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"Frecuentemente compramos ropa bonita aunque sepamos que sus ocultos detalles de confecci\u00f3n no son \u00f3ptimos, o que su duraci\u00f3n ser\u00e1 breve debido a los materiales usados.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434309,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"Aumento de la productividad del trabajo humano. Aumento del nivel de vida. Aumento de la poblaci\u00f3n. Potencial disminuci\u00f3n de la jornada laboral. Automatizaci\u00f3n.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434312,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"Las ropas costosas de primera marca han sido tradicionalmente indicadores del estatus social de sus portadores. En la Am\u00e9rica colonial, por ejemplo, se castigaba con azotes al esclavo o liberto africano que usaba ropas espa\u00f1olas por pretender ser lo que no es.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434310,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"Despu\u00e9s de un tiempo, las caracter\u00edsticas novedosas de los productos tecnol\u00f3gicos son copiadas por otras marcas y dejan de ser un buen argumento de venta. ","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434304,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"Enormes progresos a partir del aumento de velocidad, memoria y disminuci\u00f3n de tama\u00f1o de las Computadoras , y de la miniaturizaci\u00f3n de circuitos electr\u00f3nicos (circuitos integrados, de la invenci\u00f3n de los tel\u00e9fonos celulares.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434308,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"Usualmente no se informa al usuario de la duraci\u00f3n estimada de los artefactos o el tiempo de mantenimiento y los costos secundarios del uso de los servicios, factores cruciales para una elecci\u00f3n racional entre alternativas similares.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434306,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"Uno de los instrumentos de que dispone la ...................... para la detecci\u00f3n de los puestos de trabajos eliminados o generados por las innovaciones tecnol\u00f3gicas es la matriz insumo-producto.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434313,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"En su libro Los or\u00edgenes de la civilizaci\u00f3n el historiado \u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026. ha desarrollado detalladamente la estrecha vinculaci\u00f3n entre la evoluci\u00f3n tecnol\u00f3gica y la social de las culturas occidentales, desde sus or\u00edgenes prehist\u00f3ricos.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434305,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"Un pa\u00eds con grandes \u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026... ser\u00e1 pobre si no tiene las tecnolog\u00edas necesarias para su ventajosa explotaci\u00f3n, lo que requiere una enorme gama de tecnolog\u00edas de infraestructura y servicios esenciales.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434314,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:35","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:35","questionName":"El principal ejemplo de transformaci\u00f3n del \u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026..son las ciudades, construcciones completamente artificiales por donde circulan productos naturales como aire y agua, que son contaminados durante su uso.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null},{"id":434303,"quiz_id":"22143","answer_id":null,"answerType_id":"0","created_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","updated_at":"2018-04-15 13:27:34","questionName":"Para obtener los productos finales la materia prima debe ser procesada en instalaciones industriales de muy variado tama\u00f1o y tipo, donde se ponen en juego toda clase de tecnolog\u00edas, incluida la imprescindible generaci\u00f3n de energ\u00eda.","questionTimeSeconds":"30","questionTimeMinutes":"0","questionImagePath":null,"position":null,"explanation":null,"question_score_id":null,"lang":null,"questionAudioPath":null}]
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El origen de estos ciclos periódicos de expansión y depresión, según Schumpeter, es la aparición de innovaciones tecnológicas significativas que generan una fase de expansión económica.

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