Antisocial Personality Disorder


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Farrington - Aim

Raine et al - Aim

Elander et al - Aim

Raine et al - Results

Farrington - Conclusion

Elander et al - Evaluation

Raine et al - Method

Farrington - Results

Raine et al - Evaluation

Elander et al - Results

Farrington - Method


Elander et al - Method

Raine et al - Conclusion

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Studied 411 males, from deprived, inner-city London

Situational factors lead to the development of APD.

to investigate childhood risk factors of APD

41% were convicted at least once between the age of 10-50.

APD is caused by a reduction in grey matter.

Investigated 225 twins who had childhood disorders

MRIs were used to study 54 men (21 with APD & 34 without)

All participants were men so cannot be generalised

To investigate abnormalities in prefrontal cortex cause APD

to investigate the development of antisocial behaviour

Participants may have recalled childhood memories wrong

Involved in learning the negative consequences

11% reduction in prefrontal grey matter.

Childhood hyperactivity & low IQ predicted APD in later life.