Skeletal test

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Match the words with the meanings.

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Skeleton

vertebrae

joint

ligaments

compact bone

spongy bone

bone marrow

cartilage

Osteoporosis

pivot joint

gliding joint

ball and socket

hinge

red bone marrow

yellow bone marrow

How do bones help your organs?

Tendon

Ligament

What is the longest bone in the body?

foods should you eat to keep healthy bone

two minerals that are stored in bones

how the arm moves

activity that makes bone grow new bone tissue

two reasons bone become weak

What happens to a baby’s soft spot over time?

what happens to skull bones if it had movable joints

how movement would change if backbone was long

6 main reasons for having a skeletal system

Why it's helpful for your hand to be made up of 27 bones opposed to 5 bones

why our body need both immovable and movable joints

the advantage of having large vertebrae at the base of the vertebral column

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Large vertebrae at the base allow for more support. Without larger vertebrae at the base we would be top heavy and possibly feel like we were about to fall over.

produces blood cells

the place where two bones come together

We would be stiff like a statue and wouldn’t be able to bend over, sit down, lay down, or possible even run or walk the same.

inside the bone that is either red or yellow. Red produces blood cells and yellow stores fat.

connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that protects the ends of bones and keeps them from rubbing together.

the bones that make up the backbone of an organism. In humans, 26 vertebrae make up the backbone

connects bone to bone

found in the hip area, one bone has rounded edge and fits in another bones opening or socket

connects muscle to bone

found in the neck area, one bone rotates over the other

The cartilage hardens into bone.

bones would move and put pressure on the brain, causing damage to the brain and brain would be less protected if the head received any type of impact.

found in the knee area, allows forward and backward motion like opening the door

found in the wrist, one bone slides over the other

The inner framework made up of all the bones of the body

Lack of exercise and Poor diet

Green leafy veggies, whole grains, meats, dairy

more bone, the more joints, and the more joints = more movement.

stores fat

hard and dense, but not solid bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of the bone that contains minerals

a condition resulting from a loss of minerals in which the body’s bones become weak and break easily.

femur

Calcium & Phosphorus

brain sends a message to the tendon, pulls on the muscle to pull on the bones in lower arm, bicep contracts while the tricep relaxes

Shape ,-Support, -Movement, -Protection of organs, -Store minerals- ex. Calcium, -Produces blood cells

strong connective tissue that holds bones together in moveable joints

layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found just inside the layer of the compact bone.

exercise

our body need both immovable and movable joints and Immovable joints do not move and are important for protection. We have immovable joints in our cranium and it is essential they do not move to protect the brain.

Bone PROTECT vital organs