Pre-Islamic Arabia is often referred to as Jahiliyah, by Islamic writers. This was because there was no inspired prophet or revealed book. Most of the practices and beliefs of the Pre-Islamic Arabs were ignorant and backward.
Arabic word meaning a time of ignorance, barbarianism and age of darkness
an on-going cycle of revenge
the way of ancestors
Political Context of PIA: These were the 3 major empires at the time.
Economic Context of Pre-Islamic Arabia: There was a lot of trade between the North (Syria) and South (Aden/Yemen). As Mecca was halfway between these major trading centres, traders would often stop at Mecca.
Mecca was in a very strategic position as it was
between Aden (South) and Syria (North).
Mecca's wealth was dependant on
It was known as a place of
Traders would visit Mecca and buy and sell goods. They would put their tribe's idol in the Kaba which was thought to bring prosperity.
Arabs from Northern Arabia were mostly Nomadic. There was little bloodshed, and widespread illiteracy.
The tribal leaders
People who would refuse to move from a fixed residence
People who lived in ships
People who ket moving around, and had no fixed residence.
Social Context of Pre-Islamic Arabia: Poetry was a key part of the Arab culture and oral tradition.
Poetry was a highly desired position
POetry was seen as nonsense
Poets had the power to influence others
The Arabs looked down at poets, and they were thought to be a disgrace
The Pre-Islamic Arabs were largely
They had good
and knew and understood language very well.
was the basic unit of society.
Several clans made a
To lose memebership was to lose
to your tribe was the primary virtue and involved the duty of
which is an on-going cycle of revenge.
The Sheikh was the
of the tribe. His decision was
Weaker tribes often sought
from stronger tribes.
Married life was often
but Nomadic women had greater freedom to leave a cruel husband.
Women were the property of their husbands
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