type/s of anomalistic belief/s wildely held by the public
There appears to be links between anomalistic beliefs and reasoning ability
Could lead us to understand why people fall for scams
There appears to be links between anomalistic beliefs and paranormal activity
To protect others from scams, or negative health outcomes
In case they are true
Because they are really interesting
At a more general level, studying anomalistic beliefs can hhelp us better understand
making. - Basically how shortcuts and
can lead us astray
The misattribution hypothesis assumes that people have developed belief in the paranormal due to a misattribution of psychic causation, despite there being a normal explanation
They examined this by looking at 4 possible process/explanations - poor general
misjudgements,the ability to find
between unrelated materials, and
difference in syllogistic reasoning - believers performed worse
difference in syllogistic reasoning - believers performed better
results to be inconsistent
strong evidence that there's a difference in general cognitive functioning between believers and non-believers
No difference in syllogistic reasoning
results to be consistent
Non-believers were highly susceptible to the 'Barnum' Effect
No correlation was found with the Barnum Effect
Believers were highly susceptible to the 'Barnum' Effect
No relationship was found
Believers tend to underestimate the statistical likelihood of certain situations
A strong relationship was found
Reliable, consistent, results were found
Believers are more likely to make associations between unrelated materials
Non-believers are more likely to make associations between unrelated materials
Believers are less likely to make associations between unrelated materials
Believers are more likely to make associations between unrelated materials, but only with visual material
Results were unreliable and inconsistent
Focuses on Psychokinesis, Witchcraft,Aliens, and Precognition
Focuses on ESP, Psychokinesis, and Life after Death
Limited depth and breadth
Has 7 subscales: traditional religious belief, psi, witchcraft, superstition, spiritual belief, extraordinary life forms, precognition
Good depth and breadth
Good Depth and Breadth
Focuses on ESP, witchcraft, Aliens, Spiritual belief, and superstition
Limited Depth and Breadth
Focuses on ESP, psychokinesis, and life after death
Previous scales do not imply that these beliefs may be erroneous. Previous scales have been inclusive of an extensive range of paranormal beliefs (including witchcraft). They have included aspects of both theoretical and experiential implications, but not at a comparative level.
the fact these paranormal phenomenon may actually be occuring
the fact that none of these paranormal beliefs are possible
Witchcraft, or other less common forms of paranormal belief
experiential vs theoretical belief
BOTH the ABS and the ASGS were POSITIVELY correlated with Conjunction Fallacies.
Those who held Experiential beliefs had the STRONGEST positive correlation with Conjunction Fallacies.
ASGS was positively correlated with Conjunction Fallacies
Both the ABS and the ASGS were both positively correlated with Conjunction Fallacies
ABS factor of 'experiential belief' had the weakest, positive correlation with conjunction fallacy errors
ABS factor of 'Extra terrestrial belief' had the strongest, positive correlation with conjunction fallacy errors
ABS factor of 'experiential belief' had the strongest, positive correlation with conjunction fallacy errors
ABS factor of 'theorectical belief' had the strongest, positive correlation with conjunction fallacy errors
ABS was negatively correlated with Conjunction Fallacies
A very weak correlation between experiential belief and BADE
A very strong correlation between experiential belief and BADE
A very strong correlation between theoretical belief and BADE
No correlation between belief type and BADE
results, as they weren't previously distinguished
political beliefs were not a predictor
political beliefs were a predictor
both ratios AND political beliefs were predictors
experiential belief was a predictor
skin cream use was a predictor
ratios were a predictor
ratios were not a predictor
Identity-Protective Cognition Thesis is what provides the motivation of 'Motivated Rejection of Science', as it itself suggests that it will interpret and use information tin a way that will support the beliefs of a conforming group.
Identity-Protective Cognition Thesis
Social Rejection Theory
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