Theory of opposites...
Galen was influenced by
idea of the
He introduced the idea of using
to treat illnesses. E.g.if a patient had a fever this was believed to be the result of too much yellow
in the body. As a way of treating this, Galen would suggest that the patient drink lots of
liquid because each humour resembled ether hot, dry wet or cold. So if a patient had too much heat and were too dry they were supposed to cool themselves down with liquid.
His research into anatomy
Galen was a physician to the
As there were many injuries Galen could practice
and study the
of his patients.
Galen had a great interest in anatomy. He
pigs, goats and apes and applied what he had learnt to the
body. For example, while dissecting a pig, he realised the importance of the
cord and how if it were cut there would be no movement from the part of the body below the cut. Galen also discovered that blood
inside the arteries of the body and that the
not the heart controlled the body.
During this time period, it was forbidden to dissect
due to superstitions reasons. Because of this some of his research could not be applied to cure
Galen wrote many
on anatomy; of which were used at training schools for doctors until the
His ideas dominated medicine throughout the Middle Ages. Even though some doctors questioned his theories, the Catholic
prevented Galen being challenged in this period, as his theories of anatomy fitted in with their
in a system ordained by nature.
Hippocrates believed that the human body was filled with humours (black bile, yellow bile, phlegm and blood). A person became unhealthy if there was an imbalance of these humours.
Hippocrates and his followers were the first to describe many diseases and medical conditions.
Galen was influenced by Hippocrates's idea of the Four Humours. Galen believed that by using opposites he could treat the imbalance of the humours.
As there were many injuries Galen could practice medicine and study the wounds of his patients.
While dissecting a pig he realised the importance of the spinal cord and how if it were cut there would be no movement from the part of the body below the cut. However during this period it was dissect humans due to superstition. Because of this some of h
This was an oath stating how doctors should act. Doctors were supposed to swear, by a number of healing Gods, to uphold specific ethical standards. A modern day version of the oath is used today
Salus is often shown with a snake. The snake represents health.
He represented the healing aspect of the medical arts. The rod of Asclepius, a snake-entwined staff, was and remains, a symbol of medicine.
Many people during Ancient Rome flocked to there temples to be healed.
Salus had a ceremony called Auqurium Salutis which was held every year on August 5th.
However Galen did not know that the blood circulated. This is discovered much later!
Galen's ideas dominated medicine throughout the Middle Ages.
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