This was an oath that stated how
should act. Doctors were supposed to swear, by a number of
gods, to uphold specific ethical standards. Such as...
*I will respect the
of my patients
*I will not be
to say “I know not”
*I will prevent
whenever I can
If a doctor broke the Hippocratic oath they could lose the right to practise
The oath is still used today however some had been changed in the
era due to different beliefs, such as women's abortion.
Hippocrates was the first person to believe that
were caused naturally, not because of superstition and
Hippocrates and his followers were the first to
many diseases and
conditions. Hippocrates was the founder of the Hippocratic School of Medicine. His beliefs were
at that school.
Hippocrates believed that the human body is filled with four basic substances called
The humours are in
when a person is
All diseases or disabilities were caused by an excess or
of one of these humours. The imbalance was thought to be caused by
The four humours are
In order to balance the humours they did
Salus was the
Goddess of safety and well-being of both the
Salus is often shown with a
the snake represented
Her cult was considered of great
during the Roman period. She had her very own ceremony called
The ceremony was believed to help
the Roman state.
Asclepius was the
He represented the healing aspect of the medical arts. The rod of Asclepius, a snake-entwined staff, was and remains, a
of Asclepius grew very popular and pilgrims flocked to his healing temples to be
of their illnesses.
The Romans believed that
was caused by
reasons e.g. Gods or curses. They believed that going near bad
would give you illnesses. They also believed that disease was caused by an
of a persons
They did know that
affected your health however they didn't know
The Romans introduced a safer and
by installing aqueducts, sewers, straight roads and established the government. The Romans focused heavily on public
as they wanted a strong and healthy
The improvements persuaded the British people not to
people; the Romans did not have toilets in their
The toilets were flushed by the water from the public
which then carried the waste to the
water for drinking and washing. There was a risk of
poisoning as the water was carried in lead
Rich people did not use the fountains; they had the pipes lead directly to their
They carried the
They carried the waste away from the cities and emptied into the
which were used to wash clothes, drink and bathe in. If there was not enough
in the sewers from the
the waste would build up spreading
These carried fresh water into the towns from nearby
The water was then stored in
before being piped into public fountain, baths, latrines and private houses.
Most illnesses were treated at home, usually by the
of the family, using
passed down through the
Those rich enough could get access to a trained
who would also treat them at home.
There were some hospitals built by the Romans, most were mainly for the
The hospitals were well
and provided excellent
for surgeons, especially in treating
Many people visited
to make offerings to the Gods or to seek advice from the priests. People also visited public
as it was believed that the water had
properties. The Roman Goddess of health was called
and the Greek God of health was called
The Romans took over the
temples, icluding those made to
(the Greek God of healing). This then molded the Romans ideas towards human
and the cause of
The Romans worshiped the Greek God's
The Romans used Greek doctors; Galen and
These Greek doctors then shared there ideas and knowledge to the Roman
The Romans even took Greek doctors as
When the Romans took over the libraries and universities of the Greeks they had access to
made by the Greek
The Romans then
there knowledge and learned from the documents.
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