Stop and wait for the red light
Give way to pedestrians waiting to cross
Stop and wait for the green light
Give way to pedestrians already on the crossing
Pelican crossings are signal-controlled crossings operated by pedestrians. Push-button controls change the signals. Pelican crossings have no red-and-amber stage before green; instead, they have a flashing amber light. This means you must give way to pedestrians who are already on the crossing. If the crossing is clear, however, you can continue.
They may not be looking
Another vehicle may be coming
They may not be ready to cross
It's safer for you to carry on
If people are waiting to use a pedestrian crossing, slow down and be prepared to stop. Don’t wave them across the road, because another driver may not have seen them, may not have seen your signal, and may not be able to stop safely.
Following another vehicle too closely
Using the rear door of a hatchback car
Reversing into a parking space
Driving with rear fog lights on
‘Tailgating’ is the term used when a driver or rider follows the vehicle in front too closely. It's dangerous because it restricts their view of the road ahead and leaves no safety margin if the vehicle in front needs to slow down or stop suddenly. Tailgating is often the underlying cause of rear-end collisions or multiple pile-ups.
Your brakes will overheat
Your engine will overheat
Your view ahead will be reduced
Your view ahead will be increased
Staying back will increase your view of the road ahead. This will help you to see any hazards that might occur and give you more time to react.
Water will reduce your tyres’ grip on the road. The safe separation gap of at least two seconds in dry conditions should be doubled, to at least four seconds, in wet weather.
Hold your speed
A long lorry with a heavy load will need more time to pass you than a car, especially on an uphill stretch of road. Slow down and allow the lorry to pass.
Emergency vehicles use blue flashing lights. If you see or hear one, move out of its way as soon as it's safe and legal to do so.
Maintain your speed and course
Brake harshly and stop well out into the road
Pull over as soon as it's safe to do so
Accelerate hard to get away from it
Pull over in a place where the ambulance can pass safely. Check that there are no bollards or obstructions in the road that will prevent it from passing.
A green flashing beacon on a vehicle means the driver or passenger is a doctor on an emergency call. Give way to them if it’s safe to do so. Be aware that the vehicle may be travelling quickly or may stop in a hurry.
These signs apply only to tram drivers, but you should know their meaning so that you’re aware of the priorities and are able to anticipate the actions of the driver.
The narrow wheels of a bicycle can become stuck in the tram rails, causing the cyclist to stop suddenly, wobble or even lose balance altogether. The tram lines are also slippery, which could cause a cyclist to slide or fall off.
To allow you right of way
To signal your annoyance
To greet other road users
To alert others to your presence
Your horn mustn't be used between 11.30 pm and 7 am in a built-up area or when you're stationary, unless a moving vehicle poses a danger. Its function is to alert other road users to your presence.
Just left of the centre line
In the right-hand lane
In either lane, depending on the traffic
In the left-hand lane
When you’re in a one-way street and want to turn right, you should take up a position in the right-hand lane. This will allow other road users, not wishing to turn, to pass on the left. Indicate your intention and take up the correct position in good time.
To allow drivers to pass you on the right
To allow other drivers to pull out in front of you
To give a better view into the road that you’re joining
To help other road users know what you intend to do
If you wish to turn right into a side road, take up your position in good time. Move to the centre of the road when it’s safe to do so. This will allow vehicles to pass you on the left. Early planning will show other traffic what you intend to do.
A toucan crossing is designed to allow pedestrians and cyclists to cross at the same time. Look out for cyclists approaching the crossing at speed.
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