GCSE history (Roman Britain)

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So who was Galen?

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Theory of opposites...

Galen was influenced by

idea of the

He introduced the idea of using

to treat illnesses. E.g.if a patient had a fever this was believed to be the result of too much yellow

in the body. As a way of treating this, Galen would suggest that the patient drink lots of

liquid because each humour resembled ether hot, dry wet or cold. So if a patient had too much heat and were too dry they were supposed to cool themselves down with liquid.

His research into anatomy

Galen was a physician to the

As there were many injuries Galen could practice

and study the

of his patients.

Galen had a great interest in anatomy. He

pigs, goats and apes and applied what he had learnt to the

body. For example, while dissecting a pig, he realised the importance of the

cord and how if it were cut there would be no movement from the part of the body below the cut. Galen also discovered that blood

inside the arteries of the body and that the

not the heart controlled the body.

During this time period, it was forbidden to dissect

due to superstitions reasons. Because of this some of his research could not be applied to cure

Teachings:

Galen wrote many

books

on anatomy; of which were used at training schools for doctors until the

Renaissance

His ideas dominated medicine throughout the Middle Ages. Even though some doctors questioned his theories, the Catholic

Church

prevented Galen being challenged in this period, as his theories of anatomy fitted in with their

in a system ordained by nature.



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