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When did these key events happen?

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mid-16th century

1707

1801

1922

1948

1998

17th Century

1911

1945 - 1951

Parliament Act 1949

Peerages Act 1953

1968 White Paper

House of Lords Act 1999

House of Lords: Completing the Reform White Paper 2001

House of Lords Reform Bill 2011

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Salisbury Convention - Manifesto promises should not be rejected by the Lords

England and Wales became a composite state

Set out function of the Lords, suggested that distinction with Commons is: No powers over taxation and spending, No representative functions, Limited leg power

Reduce size to 300, 80% elected on PR system, 20% independently nominated, proposed by Nick Clegg, Tories voted down

‘Act of the Union’ - English and Scottish parliaments merged to form one parliament in Westminster. Scotland maintained its own courts and judiciary.

Parliament Acts - Established the Commons as the primary House, vetoing of Bills(2 month delay) (and Money Bills - 1 month delay)

formation of the Irish ‘Free State’, where 26 of the 32 Irish counties were given dominion status under the British Crown

Suggested 60% should be appointed by political parties, with the share in line with general election results, 20% elected directly by the public and 20% appointed by an independent commission (criticised for being mainly appointed)

formation of the Republic of Ireland

Allowed for hereditary female peers, Allowed hereditary peers to renounce their peerage (Tony Benn)

Reduced hereditary peers to 92 (and elected)

Delaying power of Lords reduced to one year - followed frustrated attempts by Labour to nationalise the coal and steel industries

Taxation restricted to the Commons

Act of the Union’ - Ireland became part of UK

Good Friday Agreement, powers devolved to NI, Scotland and Wales