Research Design Final

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Scientific Explanation

Scientific Explanation

Scientific Explanation

Unscientific Explanation

Rationalism

Empiricism

Characteristics of Theory

Ablitiy to Account for Data

Explanatory Relevance

Testablity

Prediction of Novel Events

Parsimony

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is parsimonious, general, tentative, and rigorously evaluated

using the scientific method in order to explain things about the universe

a theory should predict new phenomena, within its domain a theory should predict byond those fo rwhith c the theory was originally designed

account for existing data, explanatory relevance, parsimony, prediction of novel events, and testablitiy

is empirical, rational, and testable

a theory must account for most of the existing data within its domain

an explanation based on the application of accepted scientific methods

a theory should fail empirical testing if the specific condidtions of theory are not present (falsafiability)

a theory should account for phenomena within its domain in the simplies terms possible and with few assumptions, short but gets the point accross

a theory must provide an explanation for a phenomon, and offer good ground for believing that phenomonon would occur under the specified conditions

based on own sense of what is true about the world around us, loose explanations

a doctrine, that valid conclusions about the universe could be drawn through the use of pure reason


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