legal studies civil law

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definitions

تطابق النص (انقر واسحب)   

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تطابق النص

order of specific performance

overrule

negligence

obiter dictum

injunction

jurisdiction

duty of care/ negligence principle

plaintiff

distinguish

defamation

defendant

common/case law

damages

balance of probabilities

binding precedent

civil law

criminal law

trespass to goods

trespass to person

remedy

sue

tort

public nuisance

ration decidendi

persuasive precedent

private nuisance

انقر واسحب

written or verbal statements that lower a person's reputation

assault, battery or false imprisonment of another person

reason for a decision

a way a court will impose for the benefit of the plaintiff

start civil proceedings against another person

person bringing civil action

law made by judges

new precedent in a higher court overrides a lower courts previous binding precedent

lawful authority of a court to decide a particular case

civil remedy, court order that stops someone doing something

act that unreasonably interferes with the use/enjoyment of land

doing something which causes harm or loss to another person

decision from a higher court must be followed by lower courts

act that interferes with the comfort/convenience of a number of people

a civil wrong, an act that injures someone in some way

civil remedy aimed to compensate the person who has been wronged

person against whom a civil action is taken

standard of proof in a civil case

court decides that the facts of a case are sufficiently different enough to not make a precedent binding

civil remedy, court order, for a person to perform a certain act. eg fulfil a contract

direct interference to another persons possession of goods

laws regulating behaviour of private individuals

concerned with rights of individuals and welfare of society as a whole

decision of another court which is influential but not binding

a remark made by a judge in passing which is not binding